Chinese Children’s Literature in the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976)
In China’s Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), childhood was portrayed as a battlefield in which opposing classes strived to fulfil the political impetus of training their heirs. In order to represent the new socialist morality, the few stories produced for children had to shift their focus to the space of the adult world, where there were more activities of “revolution” and “class struggle”. Consequently in these stories, the child protagonists talked and behaved like adult political instructors voicing the whole vocabulary of abstract revolutionary rhetoric. Stories written in those years are often readily seen, in their political context, as propaganda. Nevertheless, this paper argues that, from the perspective of the twenty-first century, the ideology of the 1960s and 1970s may look less like “propaganda” and more like “legend” due to the way in which the passing of time is capable of transforming propaganda into traditional art.
Key words: Chinese children’s literature; Cultural Revolution; Propaganda
August First Film Studio Shining Red Star Adaptation and Filming Team. (1974). To Make Proletariat Glorious on the Screen. In Learn From Pan Dongzi: Strive to be a Child of the Party (pp. 1-14). Shanghai: Red Little Guards Newspaper Press.
Carpenter, H. & Prichard, M. (1984). Oxford Companion to Children’s Literature. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Central Education Science Research Institute. (1983). People’s Republic of China: Chronology of Big Events of Education 194 –1982 (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Jiaoyu Dashiji 1949–1982). Beijing: Jiaoyu Chubanshe.
Farquhar, M. (1999). Children’s literature in China: from Lu Xun to Mao Zedong. New York: An East Gate Book.
HAO, Ran (1973). Collection of Short Stories for the Young (Youmiaoji). Beijing: People’s Publishing House.
HUANG, Shuai (1974). Shining Red Star Educates Me. Originally in Beijing Daily, 9 October 1974, later included in Learn From Pan Dongzi: Strive to be a Child of the Party (pp. 179-180). Shanghai: Red Little Guards Newspaper Press.
JIANG, Feng (Ed.). (1988). Chinese Children’s Literature, Theory 1 (Zhongguo Ertong Wenxue Daxi, Lilun I). Shanxi: Hope Publishing House.
Learn From Pan Dongzi: Strive to be a Child of the Party. (1974). Shanghai: Red Little Guards Newspaper.
LI, Hsin-tien (1974). Bright Red Star. Peking: Foreign Languages Press.
Literature and Art Critic Team of Beijing Xisi Primary School’s Red Little Guards. (1974).
Learn from Pan Dongzi, Be a Little Revolutionary Fighter. Originally in Beijing Daily, 23 October 1974, later included in Learn From Pan Dongzi: Strive to be a Child of the Party (pp. 181-182). Shanghai: Red Little Guards Newspaper Press.
XU, Ying (1973). The Story of the Sunflower Courtyard (Xiangyangyuan de gushi). Beijing: People’s Literature Publishing House.
YANG, Xiao (1973). Red Rain (Hongyu). Beijing: People’s Publishing House.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com