Immersion Bilingual Education in Canada and Implications for China’s Higher Education



As a new model of second language education, Immersion Bilingual Education is originated from a type of bilingual education in Canada, especially in the province of Quebec. After many years of teaching practice in Canada, this successful bilingual education mode is proved to be fruitful and has been more widely recognized by the world’s bilingual community. Students learn science knowledge with a second language and also gain comprehensive development in the learning process. This paper presents the formation of bilingual education in Canada and the classification of immersion bilingual teaching. It also lists the achievements of bilingual education in Canada. The focus is a comparison of bilingual education in Canada and in China, and it provides suggestions and implications for the further development of bilingual education in colleges and universities in China.


Immersion bilingual education; Implication; Canada; Higher education; China

Full Text:



Baker, C. (1993). Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Cazden, C.B., & Snow, C. E. (1990). Preface. In C. B. Cazden, & C. E. Snow (Eds), English plus: Issues in bilingual education. London: Sage.

Cummins, J. (1992). Heritage language teaching in Canadian schools. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 24(3), 281-286.

Fishman, J. A. (1976). Bilingual education. An international sociological perspective. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Lambert, W. E. (1980). The social psychology of language. In H. Giles, W. P. Robinson, & P. M. Smith (Eds), Language: Social psychological perspectives.Oxford: Pergamon.

Liu, J., & Dai, Z. X. (2011). The impact of the advent of English in primary schools on the development of college English in China. Higher Education Studies, 105-108.

Lu, B. H. Bilingual education in the context of post-national structure, Contemporary Education Science. (7), 35-46. (In Chinese).

Mackey, W. F. (1978). The impression of bilingual education models. In J. Alatis (Ed.), Georgetown University round table—International dimensions of education. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.

Pan.Z.X.(2003). Reflections on the bilingual education in China. Education Research, (12), 56-68. (In Chinese).

Wang.B.H.(2003). Bilingual teaching and billingual education. Shanghai: Shanghai Education Publishing House. (in Chinese).

Wang, Z.(2005). Linguistic situation of the French population in Canada. World’s Nationalities, (2), 61-63. (In Chinese).

Yang, X.Y. (2007). Analysis and effectiveness survey on bilingual teaching. Journal of Peking University, (5), 90-102.

Yuan, P. H., & Yu, L. M.(2005). Comparison between the bilingual education system in Canada and China. Higher Education in China, 45-56. (In Chinese).

Zhang, J. (2007). On the bilingual teaching evaluation system construction. Probe in Higher Education, (2), 67-73. (In Chinese).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Higher Education of Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http:// Http://;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures