Factors That Account for the Formation of Prototype From the Perspective of Sociolinguistics



The study of prototype has been an interesting subject for the scholars in psycholinguistics. But some sociolinguistic scholars also advocated that the study of prototype theory can not be separated from the perspective of sociolinguistics, for the prototype affects the way people talk in different situations and the social differences play an significant role in the formation of prototype. These social factors are the deep social structure that ultimately influences our linguistic behaviors. Using the theories related to categorization to analyze the these social differences, we can find out the reasons for the differences, which mainly contain culture, living environment, scientific development, living experience and age.


Prototype; Category; Social factors

Full Text:



Coulmas, F. (Ed.). (1997). The handbook of sociolinguistics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Gumperz, J. J. (Ed). (1971). Language in social groups. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Hudson, R. A. (1996). Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lotman, J. (1990). Mind of the universe: A semiotic theory of culture. Bloomington: Indian University Press.

Ronald, W. (2008). An introduction to sociolinguistics. Beijing: Foreign Language and Research Press.

Rosch, E. (1978). Principles of categorization. Rosch and Lloyd.

Rosch, E. H., & Mervis, C. B. (1975). Family resemblances: Studies in the internal, structure of categories. Cognitire Psychology, (10), 573- 605.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.sll.1923156320130703.H673


  • There are currently no refbacks.


If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: office@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com