Lexical Innovation in Anaang

Itoro Michael

Abstract


Lexical innovation occurs in a language because of the inability of a child or an adult to recall conventional words for the expression of ideas or as a result of an attempt to invent new words to fill in existing gaps in a language. Loanwords constitute the most common ground for lexical innovation in a language. They are known as innovations which cannot be accounted for in terms of inheritance, and, which share a resemblance with the lexical items of the donor language. Loanwords are said to occur in a language as a result of language contact, leading to lexical enrichment. The contact between Anaang and the English language and culture have created room for the adaptation of English lexical items into Anaang with some forms of innovations/alterations. The study examined the phonological implications of lexical innovations in Anaang-English loan items. The objective of this paper is to describe the structure of the loan items, using a phonological descriptive model and to examine the effects of these innovations on the structure of the affected language. Several diverse phonological processes were applied in the modification of the English loan items to comply with the Anaang phonotactics. Anaang words were said to be closely tied to the internal structure of the syllable and severely guided by the Anaang phonotactics. Therefore, the combination of segments into words was equally constrained by the Anaang phonotactics. This phonotactics further extended to govern the distribution of segments in lexical constructions. Certain segments were restricted to specific environments; therefore loanwords were modified to comply with the phonotactics of the language. Phonotactics therefore played a vital role in defining Anaang well-formed words. This paper is relevance for the understanding of the aspects of word formation processes in language.

Keywords


Phonotactics; Loanwords; English-Anaang; Lexical items; Language; Word formation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alderete, J. D., & Frisch, S. (2007). Dissimilation in grammar and the lexicon. In P. De Lacy (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of phonology (pp.379-398). Cambridge: CUP.

Anderson, S. (1992). A-morphus morphology. Cambridge: CUP.

Beckman, M. (1994). Articulatory evidence for differentiating stress categories in phonological and phonetic form. In P. Keating (Ed.), Papers in Laboratory phonology III (pp.733-742). Cambridge: CUP.

Bemudez-Otero, R. (2007). Diachronic phonology. In Paul de Lacy (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of phonology (pp.520-538). Cambridge: CUP.

Campbell, L. (1998). Historical linguistics: An introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Ehret, C. (2000). Language and history. In B. Heine & D. Nurse (Eds.), African languages: An introduction (pp.161-193). Cambridge: CUP.

Grabe, E., & Warren, P. (1995). Stress shift: Do speakers do it or do listeners hear it? In B. Connell & A. Arvaniti (Eds.), Papers in laboratory phonology IV: Phonology and phonetic evidence (pp.95-110). Cambridge, CUP.

Haraghuchi, S. (1991). A theory of stress and accent. Dordrecht: Foris Publications.

Heine, B., & Nurse, D. (Eds.) (2008). A linguistic geography of Africa (pp.1-15). Cambridge: CUP.

Jowitt, D. (1991). Nigerian English usage. An introduction. Nigeria: Longman.

Kay, W., & Blench, R. (2000). Niger Congo. African Languages: An introduction (pp.11-43). In B. Heine & D. Nurse (Eds.) Cambridge: CUP.

Ladefoged, P. (1993). A course in phonetics (3rd ed.). Harcourt Brace: Jovanovic Inc.

Ladefoged, P. (2001). Vowels and consonants. Oxford: Blackwell.

Matthews, P. (1991). Morphology (2nd ed). Cambridge: CUP.

Michael, I. (2009a). The syllable structure of the Anaang language (Doctoral thesis). University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Michael, I. (2009b). Syllabification in Anaang. USEM. JLLL, 42-53.

Michael, I. (2010). Insertion in Anaang. USEM. JLLL, 22-35

Newman, P. (2000). Comparative linguistics. In B. Heine & D. Nurse (Eds.), African Languages: An introduction (pp.123-160). Cambridge: CUP.

Schane, S. (1973). Generative phonology. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Spencer, A. (1991). Morphological theory: An introduction to Generative grammar. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Spencer, A. (1996). Phonology: Theory and description. Oxford: Blackwell.

Steriade, D. (2007). Contrast. In P. de Lacy (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of phonology (pp. 139-158). Cambridge: CUP.

Udoh, I. (1998). The effect of duration on the intonation of Anaang learners of English (Doctoral dissertation). University of Calabar, Calabar.

Ukut, S. (1996). Word borrowing: A feature of vocabulary development in Ibibio. Journal of Humanities, 5, 20-29.

Urua, E.-A. E. (2007). Ibibio phonetics and phonology (2nd ed.). Cape Town: CASAS.

Yip, M. (2002). Tone. Cambridge: CUP.

Yule, G. (2006). The study of language (3rd ed.). Cambridge: CUP.

Zec, D. (2007). The syllable. In P. de Lacy (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of phonology (pp.159-185). Cambridge: CUP.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.sll.1923156320130703.2978

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net
Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail: office@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com