The Collapse of Heterosexism and Phallogocentrism in Caryl Churchill’s Cloud Nine

Abdol Hossein Joodaki, Paria Bakhshi


Caryl Churchill (1938- ) is one of the most illustrious contemporary British playwrights whose theatrical productions are world-widely acclaimed. Churchill’s theatrical innovations, her explorations with new forms, her double commitment to the causes of both socialism and feminism are among the reasons for which Churchill has been transatlantically awarded and acclaimed. In Cloud Nine (1978), that is going to be dealt with in the present study, what is intended to be undertaken is the analysis of the play on the basis of the Butlerian key concept of gender performativity in order to designate Caryl Churchill’s anti-heterosexist and anti-phallogocentric outlook. According to Judith Butler, who is regarded to be an eminent poststructuralist theorist, gender identity is not an interior essence of the subject. By considering gender as something fabricated, and thus performative, Butler calls into question the basis of Western civilization, which is totally phallogocentric and heterosexist. Butler’s performativity of gender identity, which reveals the baselessness of whatever Western Civilizaion centers on, is also something we can perceive in Churchill’s Cloud Nine.

Key words: Caryl Churchill; Judith Butler; Gender identity; Gender performativity; Phallogocentrism; Heterosexism; Binary oppositions


Caryl Churchill; Judith Butler; Gender identity; Gender performativity; Phallogocentrism; Heterosexism; Binary oppositions



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture