Dreams “Deferred” but Identity Affirmed and Manhood Restored: A New Look at A Raisin in the Sun
This article explores how Hansberry handles blacks’ dreams masterfully and uniquely in her play A Raisin in the Sun. Distinctively different from the other black writers who dealt with the issue, she points out that the deferment and collapse of these dreams can be positively exploited to strengthen blacks and help them restore their long absent manhood and dignity in America. She has pigmented her characters with doggedness and insistence. They wholeheartedly do their best to fulfill their dreams and when these dreams are thwarted, a character, either independently or with the help of other characters, gains further strength and is markedly transformed to the better. To bring this view to light, the article concentrates on the long deferred dream of the mother Lena, the thwarted dream of the son Walter, the difference between the two dreams and how the former has been meticulously manipulated by the mother to affirm her identity and help her son restore manhood and dignity in a racist and hostile society.
Key words: Lorraine Hansberry; A Raising in the Sun; Identity affirmation; Deferment of dreams
Anderson, M. L. (1976). Black Matriarchy: Portrayals of Women in Three Plays. Negro American Literature Forum, 10(3), 93-95.
Brown, L. W. (1974). Lorraine Hansberry as Ironist: A Reappraisal of A Raisin in the Sun. Journal of Black Studies, 4(3), 237-247.
Carter, S. R. (1980). Commitment Amid Complexity: Lorraine Hansberry’s Life in Action. MELUS, 7(3), 39-53.
Foley, F. K. (2011, April 1). Theatre Review: The Sun Never Sets on Raisin; Phylicia Rashad Turns in a Solid Staging of Lorraine Hansberry Prescient Play. Los Anglos Times. Retrieved from the ProQuest Newspapers database
Guillory, E. B. (1992). Rev. of Hansberry’s Drama: Commitment Amid Complexity by Steven R. Carter. Theatre Journal, 44(4), 558-559.
Hansberry, L. (1993). A Raisin in the Sun. In R. S. Gwynn (Ed.), Drama: A Harper Collins Pocket Anthology (pp. 407-487). New York: Harper Collins College Publishers.
Hansberry, L. (1995). To Be Young, Gifted and Black: Lorraine Hansberry in Her Own Words. In R. Nemiroff (Ed. and adapted). New York: Vintage.
Harris, T. (1995). This Disease Called Strength: Some Observations on the Compensating Construction of Black Female Character. Literature and Medicine, 14(1), 109-126.
Higashida, C. (2008). To Be (Come) Young, Gay and Black: Lorraine Hansberry’s Existentialist Routes to Anticolonialism. American Quarterly, 60(4), 899-924.
Hine, D. C., Hine, W. C., & Harrold, S. (2000). The African American Odyssey. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, Inc..
Hoy, S. (1995). Chasing Dirt: The American Pursuit of Cleanliness. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hughes, A. S. (2011, October 9). A Serious Drama. South Bend Tribune. Retrieved from the ProQuest Newspapers database
Kingston, J. (2010, February 3). Feel-Good Victory for American Dreamers: Theatre. The Times. Retrieved from the ProQuest Newspapers database
Lieberman, R. (2011). Measure Them Right: Lorraine Hansberry and the Struggle for Peace. Science & Society, 75(2), 206-235.
Lund, C. (1989). Teaching A Raisin in the Sun: Literature and Life. College Teaching, 37(3), 83-85.
Matthews, K. L. (2008). The Politics of “Home” in Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun. Modern Drama, 51(4), 656-578.
Palm, M. J. (2012, February 10). A Raisin in the Sun. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved from the ProQuest Newspapers database
Parks, S. (1995). In My Mother’s House: Black Feminist Aesthetics, Television and A Raisin in the Sun. In Karen Laughlin & Catherine Schuler (Eds.), Theatre and Feminist Aestheics (pp. 200-228). Madison: Farleigh Dickinson UP.
Siegel, B. (2012, February 10). American Classic: Subversive Theatre Does Justice to Raisin in the Sun. Bufallo News. Retrieved from the ProQuest Newspapers database
Whiton, L. (1964, October 31). White American: Lorraine Hansberry. New Pittsburgh Courier. Retrieved from the ProQuest Newspapers database
Wilkerson, M. B. (1983). The Sighted Eyes and Feeling Heart of Lorraine Hansberry. Black American Literature Forum, 17(1), 8-13.
Wilkerson, M. B. (1986). A Raisin in the Sun: Anniversary of an American Classic. Theatre Journal, 38(4), 441-452.
Wilkerson, M. B. (1987). The Dark Vision of Lorraine Hansberry: Excerpts from a Literary Biography. The Massachusetts Review, 28(4), 642-650.
Wilkerson, M. B. (2005). The Theatre Journal Auto/Archive. Theatre Journal, 57(4), 783-788.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com