Hardy as the Dark Knight: Pessimism in The Return of the Native
Thomas Hardy’s fiction are all set against the bleak and forbidding Wessex landscape, whose physical harshness echoes that of an indifferent, if not malevolent, universe, where men and women are merely the slaves of their fates and are at the mercy of some indifferent forces that shape their destiny. The aim of this study is to examine and determine how the narrative reflects the mood that Hardy creates in his novel. The study is centred around an extensive study of one of his most famous novels The Return of the Native. Hardy’s extensive depiction of the setting allows readers to better understand and interpret the actions, emotions and moods of the characters. The distinctive portrayal of the characters, the use of mythological allusions, diction and the implications of various symbolism customary of Hardy, make readers delve deeper into the abyss of utter despair from where there is no return.
‘Harper’s New Monthly Magazine’. March, 1879. (2002). The Return of the Native. (James G. ed., pp. 412). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Daiches, D. (2001). A Critical History of English Literature (Vol. 4, pp. 1073-1082). Martin & Warburg Ltd.
Eliot, T. S. (2002). ‘After Strange Gods’. The Return of the Native. (James G. ed., pp. 440). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Hardy’s Autobiography. (1962). The Life of Thomas Hardy. Macmillan.
Holloway, J. (1962). The Victorian Sage: Studies in Argument. Archon Books.
Lawrence, D. H. (2002). ‘Study of Thomas Hardy’. The Return of the Native. (James G. ed., pp. 418). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Martin, S. S. (Ed.). (1985). The Mayor of Casterbridge (pp. 395). George Woodcock: Penguin.
Michael, M. (Ed.). (1984). The Life and Work of Thomas Hardy. London: Macmillan.
Millgate, M. (1982). Thomas Hardy: A Biography. New York: Random House.
Pinion, F. B. (1968). A Hardy Companion: A Guide to the works of Thomas Hardy and their background (pp.31-34). London: Macmillan.
Purdy, R. L. (1954). Thomas Hardy: A Bibliographical Study. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Sisson, C. H. (Ed.). (1985). Jude the Obscure (p.39). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Springer, M. (1983). Hardy’s Use of Allusion (p.15). London: Macmillan.
Sumner, R. (1986). Thomas Hardy: Psychological Novelist (pp. 99-119). London: Macmillan
The Return of the Native. (1985). Ed. George Woodcock. Penguin.
Wing, G. (1963). Hardy (pp. 52-56). Edinburgh and London.
Woolf, V. (1980). ‘The Novels of Thomas Hardy’. Collected Essays( Vol. 1, pp. 256-266). London: The Hogarth Press.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com