The Nzema Perception of Abotane ‘Patience’ as Conveyed in Their Proverbial Expressions

Mohammed Yakub

Abstract


The paper qualitatively describes the socio-cultural concept of patienceas portrayed in selected proverbs among the people of Nzema. The data were gathered from documented and oral sources. Where necessary, the discussion dwelled on natural and/or social occurrences to highlight the essence of the proverbs, and to enhance a better understanding of the Nzema worldview of patience. The paper revealed that the Nzema perceive patience as a crucial virtue; and that, it is a potential behavioural trait required in achieving success in all human endeavours. It showed that the Nzema trust the efficacy of patience in mitigating conflicts and promoting peaceful societal co-existence. Interestingly, the study further found a couple of ‘counter-proverbs’ which demonstrate that, though patience is a productive prerequisite in achieving success, certain critical situations rather demand reactions in haste. These patience-related proverbs, as the discussions showcased, are largely cited in appropriate discourse contexts. Although not a comparative study, the paper suggests that the Nzema perception of patience may not largely depart from general conceptions and perceptions of patience.

 


Keywords


Proverbs; Patience; Socio-cultural perceptions; Communication.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ababila, A. J. (2010). Literary analysis of Gurenɛ proverbs. Journal of African Cultures and Languages, 1(1), 67-76.

Agyekum, K. (2007). Introduction to literature. (2nd ed.). Legon: Madina Design.

Akanbi, T. A. (2015). The syntax of Yoruba proverbs. Global Journal of Human-Social Science. Retrievable from: https://socialscienceresearch.org>article

Asare, K. O. (1997). Hearing and keeping Akan Proverbs. Pretoria: Lewinston: Edwin Mellen Press.

Ashipu, K. B. C. (2013). Proverbs as circumstantial speech act. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 3 (7), 10-15.

Bhuvaneswer, C. (2012). The syntax of Telegu proverbs. Retrievable from: https://es.scribd.com>document>1-F1-

Diaba, G., & Amfo, N. A. A. (2018). To Dance or not to dance: Masculinities in Akan proverbs and their implications for contemporary societies. Ghana Journal of Linguistics, 7(2), 179-198.

Dogbey, E., & Sapaty, G. (2019). Portrayal of children and adults in ewe proverbs. Research in Humanities and Social Sciences, 9(2), 107-117.

Finnegan, R. (1970). Oral Literature in Africa. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.

Hallen, B. (2000). The good, The bad and the beautiful: Discourse about values in Yoruba culture. Bloomington: Indian UP.

Kwaw, F. E. (2008). Maandeɛ yɛ Ɛnlomboɛ. Accra: Atwe Royal Consult.

Kwesi, G. B., & Quarm, P. K. K. (1998). Nzema Mrɛlɛ Nee Bɛ Ngilenu. Accra: Bureau of Ghana Languages.

Mensah, E. O. (2010). A morpho-syntactic analysis of Efik proverbs. An interdisciplinary Journal, 250-280. Retrievable from citeseerx.ist.psu.edu>viewdoc>summary

Mieder, W. (2004). Proverbs: A handbook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Moshood, Z. (2016). A pragmatic analysis of proverbs in selected works of Ola Rotimi. [PhD Dissertation]. Presented to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

Mubarok, Y. (2017). Representation of women in the Sudanese proverbs. International Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 3(7), 205-213.

Nyame, J., & Tomekyin, C. (2018a). Social construction of masculinity and femininity as portrayed in Nzema proverbs. International Journal of Innovative Research and Advance Studies, 5(7), 227-234.

Nyame, J., & Tomekyin, C. (2018b). Neological developments in Nzema proverbs. International Journal of Language and Literature, 6(2), 94-102.

Obeng, S. (1994). Proverb as mitigating strategy in Akan discourse. Anthropological Linguistics, 38(3), 521-549.

Okpewho, I. (1992). African oral literature. Bloommington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Olatunji, O. (1984). Features of Yorùbá Oral Poetry. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press.

Onwe, A. F. (2018). Proverbs and worldviews: An analysis of ikwo proverbs and their worldviews. [PhD Dissertation] Presented to the Anglia Ruskin University.

Owomoyela, O. (1979). African cultures: An introduction. Massachusetts: African Studies.

Villers, D. (2016). Proverbiogenesis: The phase of proverbial birth. In Proceedings of 9th Interdisciplinary Colloquium on Proverbs (pp.369-380). Tavira: International Association of Paremiology.

Yakub, M. (2018a). Unity and cooperation as portrayed in Nzema proverbs. International Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 7(6), 43-56.

Yakub, M. (2018b). Literary analysis of wellerisms in Nzema proverbs. International Journal of Language and Literature, 6 (2), 112-117.

Yakub, M. (2019). The wisdom of our forefathers: Animal metaphors and imagery in Nzema proverbs. European Journal of Applied Linguistics Studies, 2(1), 175-195.

Yakub, M. (forthcoming). Societal perceptions of Children and parents/adults as depicted in Nzema proverbs. To Appear in a Festschrift in Honour of Professor Lawrence A. Boadi, University of Education, Winneba.

Yakub, M. (in press). Nature meets culture: Cognitive and cultural conceptions of plant metaphors in Nzema proverbs. Nordic Journal of African Studies.

Yankah, K. (1989). The proverb in the context of Akan rhetoric –A theory of proverb praxis. New York: Peter Lang Publishing Press.

Yankah, K. (2012). The proverb in the context of Akan rhetoric (2nd ed). New York: Diasporic Africa Press.

Yuka, C. (2016). The structure of Lamnso proverbs. Retrievable from https://www.researchgate.net>publication




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/11533

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Mohammed Yakub

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 STUDIES IN LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture