Multiple Endings in Copenhagen

Hongyan XU


The characters in Copenhagen make three attempts of trying finding out the truth of the meeting and supply a lot of possibilities. However, no possibility is pinned down. The result is the multi-ended play, which give the reader enough space to think about the event. This paper aims to explore the well-known play and tries to find out how its multiple endings contribute to a new version of the 1941 mysterious meeting.


Copenhagen; 1941 meeting; Multiple endings

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Frayn, M. (1998). Copenhagen. London: Methuen Drama.

Ge, G. (Trans.). (2004). Copenhagen. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers.

Miller, D. A. 1981. Narrative and its discontents: Problems of closure in the traditional novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Miller, J. H. (1978). The problematic of ending in narrative. In Nineteenth Century Fiction, 33, 3-7.



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