Introducing the IPA Symbols for English Consonant Phonemes to Bengali Learners of English and the Ensuing Challenges
Despite learning English as a compulsory subject for twelve years, Bangladeshi adult students can hardly communicate orally because of their pronunciation being very faulty. The exams never test the examinees’ ability to speak, resulting in widespread negligence towards pronunciation. If these learners ever approach the International Phonetic Alphabet as an attempt to develop a self-correcting mechanism, they show some particular tendencies. This study was carried out to determine the extent to which Bengali speaking Bangladeshi learners of English depend on English letters to read English words in IPA transcription. It also aimed to establish a hierarchy of the symbols in terms of the learners’ difficulty to master them. By employing an experimental research design as well as a questionnaire survey it was revealed that learners heavily rely on their knowledge of English letters while reading English words in transcription. It was also found out that all the IPA symbols for English consonant phonemes are not equally difficult for them to master: there is a clear hierarchy of difficulty.
An audit of current materials for teaching English in Bangladesh. Retrieved from https://www.google.com.bd/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CC4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.eiabd.com%2Feia%2Findex.php%2Fbaseline-study%3Fdownload%3D31%3Aan-audit-of-current-materials-for-teaching-english-in-bangladesh&ei=scdYUsy5CcKmrAeP5YGwBw&usg=AFQjCNEleVoE8fCNP2yU8NTgShdZQLqKCw&bvm=bv.53899372,d.bmk
Celce-Murcia, M. (1987). Teaching pronunciation as communication. In J. Morley (Ed.), Current perspectives on pronunciation (pp.1-12). Washington, DC: TESOL.
Celce-Murcia, M., Brinton, D. M. & Goodwin, J. M. (1996). Teaching pronunciation: A reference for teachers of English to speakers of other languages. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Celce-Murcia, M., Brinton, D. M., Goodwin, J. M. & Griner, B. (2010). Teaching pronunciation: A course book and reference guide (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Connor, J. D. O. (1980). Better English pronunciation (2nd ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cook, V. (1996). Second language learning and language teaching. London: Arnold.
Dalton, C., & Seidlhofer, B. (1994). Pronunciation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Derwing, T. M., & Rossiter, M. J. (2003). The effects of pronunciation instruction on the accuracy, fluency and complexity of L2 accented speech. Applied Language Learning, 13(1), 1-18.
Derwing, T. M., Munro, M. J., & Wiebe, G. (1998). Evidence in favor of a broad framework for pronunciation instruction. Language Learning, 48(3), 393-410.
Firth, S. (1992). Developing self-correcting and self-monitoring strategies. In P. Avery & S. Ehrlich (Eds.), Teaching American English pronunciation (pp.215-219). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Flege, J. E. (1995). Second-language Speech Learning: Findings and Problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Theoretical and methodological issues (pp.233-273). Timonium, MD: York Press.
Fraser, H. (1997). Dictionary pronunciation guides for English. International Journal of Lexicography, 10(3), 181-208.
Gilakjani, A. P. (2012). The significance of pronunciation in English language teaching. English Language Teaching: Canadian Center of Science and Education, 5(4), 96-107.
Gillette, G. W. (1994). On speaking terms: Practical guide to pronunciation for ABLE/ESL teachers (pp.323-393). Euclid, OH: Northeast ABLE Resource Center.
Graham, J. (1994). Four strategies to improve the speech of adult learners. TESOL Journal, 3(3), 26-28.
Huai, L. D. (2003). Phonetic symbols: A necessary stepping stone for ESL learners. English Teaching Forum, 40(4), 36-39.
IELTS Speaking band descriptors (public version). Retrieved from https://www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org/ts/digitalAssets/114292_IELTS_Speaking_Band_Descriptors.pdf
Jilka, M., Baumotte, H., Lewandowski, N., Reiterer, S., & Rota, G. (2007). Introducing a comprehensive approach to assessing pronunciation talent. Proceedings of the 16th ICPhS, Saarbrücken, 1737-1740. Retrieved from http://ifla.uni-stuttgart.de/institut/mitarbeiter/jilka/papers/PronTal_icphs_rev.pdf
Katamba, F. (2005). English words: Structure, history, usage (2nd ed.). Oxon: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
Kawale, R. S. (2012). A study of the teaching of English pronunciation in Indian high schools. Language in India, 12(8), 335-352. Retrieved from http://www.languageinindia.com/aug2012/rohitevaluationoftextbooksfinal.pdf
Krashen, S. D. (1985). Language acquisition and language education. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Lane, L. (2010). Tips for teaching pronunciation: A practical approach. New York, NY: Pearson Longman.
Lintunen, P. (2004). Pronunciation and phonemic transcription: A study of advanced Finnish learners of English. Turku: University of Turku.
Liu, Q. (2011). Factors influencing pronunciation accuracy: L1 negative transfer, task variables and individual aptitude. English Language Teaching: Canadian Center of Science and Education, 4(4), 115-120.
Messerklinger, J. (2009). Teaching English with the IPA (pp.27-33). Retrieved from http://www.asia-u.ac.jp/cele/cele_assets/CELE%20Journal%202009%20Vol%2017/003%20Teaching%20with%20the%20IPA.pdf
Morley, J. (1998). Trippingly on the tongue: Putting serious speech/pronunciation instruction back in the TESOL equation. ESL Magazine, January/February issue, 20-23.
Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (8th ed.).(2010). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pennington, M. C. (1994). Recent research in L2 phonology: Implications for practice. In J. Morley (Ed.), Pronunciation pedagogy and theory: New views, new directions (pp.111-125). Alexandria, VA: TESOL Publications.
Pennington, M. C., & Richards, J. C. (1986). Pronunciation revisited. TESOL Quarterly, 20(2), 207-225. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3586541
Por, F. P., & Fong, S. F. (2011). Towards transformation: The power of phonetic symbols embedded in the multimedia learning management system school of educational studies. English Language Teaching: Canadian Center of Science and Education, 4(1), 167-173.
Rivers, W. M. (1968). Teaching foreign language skills (2nd ed.). Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.
Saito, K. (2007). The influence of explicit phonetic instruction on pronunciation in EFL settings: The case of English vowels and Japanese learners of English. The Linguistics Journal, 3(3), 16-40.
Seidlhofer, B. (2001). Pronunciation. In R. Carter & D. Nunan (Eds.), The Cambridge guide to teaching English to speakers of other languages (pp.56-65). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sparkman, C. F. (1926). The value of phonetics in teaching a foreign language. The Modern Language Journal, 10(4), 227-235.
Suomi, K., Toivanen, J., & Ylitalo, R. (2008). Finnish sound structure: Phonetics, phonology, phonotactics and prosody. Oulu, Finland: University of Oulu. Retrieved from http://herkules.oulu.fi/isbn9789514289842/isbn9789514289842.pdf
Tergujeff, E. (2012). English pronunciation teaching: Four case studies from Finland. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 3(4), 599-607.
Thompson, I. (1991). Foreign accents revisited: the English pronunciation of Russian immigrants. Language Learning, 41(2), 177-204. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1991.tb00683.x
Varasarin, P. (2007). An action research study of pronunciation training, language learning strategies and speaking confidence (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://vuir.vu.edu.au/1437/
Yong, C. (2004). How can I improve the pronunciation and intonation of the first year English majors to meet the demand of the new English curriculum? (Report submitted to China’s Experimental Centre for educational action research in foreign languages teaching). Retrieved from http://www.actionresearch.net/living/moira/Cao%20Yong.htm
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138