Evolutions of Relations Between Turkish Universities and the Government

Yanqiang CUI, Wei CHEN

Abstract


This thesis points out that the relations’ evolutions between Turkish universities and the government has gone through four periods from the Ottoman Empire (1290-1922) to now, including the initiation period, the overall taking over period, and the overall control period from the government to the universities, as well as the development period of universities under centralization. This thesis discusses at length that universities were mainly controlled by three national regulations in the development period of universities under centralization, including the legislation, the management system and the expenditure; however, the universities’ own appeals for profound knowledge also bring the university system that conducts under centralization ceaseless impacts and adjustments, for example, the Turkish Higher Learning Commission and Higher Education Legislation are voices from Turkish universities for university’s autonomy under the background of centralization.

Keywords


University; Government; Centralization; The Higher Learning Commission

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bologna Process. (2012). National report regarding the bologna process implementation 2009-2012: Turkey. European Higher Education Area.

Bologna Process Stocktaking. (2005, May). Report from a working group appointed by the Bologna Follow-up Group to the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education, Bergen.

European University Association (EUA). (2008). European University Association Experts Conference: Towards Financially Sustainable Higher Education Institutions. Retrieved from http://www.codau.it/tematiche/file_tema/216/

Ha, Q. A., & Zhu, S. Q. (2009). The politic and democratic process research of Turkish Republic. Shanghai: Shanghai Joint Publishing.

Huang, W. M. (2007). Turkish volume. In S. Z. Peng et al. (Eds), History of middle east countries. Beijing: Commercial Press.

Doğramacı, İ. (2007). The transformation of higher education on Turkey 1981-2007. Remarks in the International Conference on Higher Education, Ankara, Turkey.

Lewis, B. (1982). Arising of modern Turkey (Z. L. Fan Trans.). Beijing: Commercial Press.

Lewis, B. (2000). Middle East: Surging in the glorious history (Z. S. Zheng). Beijing: China Friendship Pressing Company.

Liu, Y. (2001). Thoughts on Turkish politic modernization. Lanzhou: Gansu People Press.

Mizikaci, F. (2006). Higher education in Turkey. Bucharest: UNESCO European Center for Higher Education.

Berkes, N. (1997). The Developmental of Secularism in Turkey. In S. J. Shaw & E. K. Shaw (Eds.), History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey (pp.161-164). Cambridge University Press.

McKenzie, P. (2003). Education policy analysis 2003. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris.

Özcan, Y. Z. (2011). Challenges to the Turkish higher education system. Paper presented at the 22ndInternational Conference on Higher Education. Bilkent University, Ankara.

Sun, Z. Y. (2001). Tradition and reality: Turkish Islam and Muslim. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing Press.

Turkish Higher Education Council (YÖK). (1981). The law on higher education. Retrieved from http://www.yok.gov.tr

Turkish Higher Education Council (YÖK). (2006). Regulations on Graduate Education, 2003 (Law No. 4652). Retrieved from http://www.yok.gov.tr/yasa/yonet/yonet11.html

Visakorpi, J., Stankovic, F., Pedrosa, J., & Rozsnyai, C. (2008). Higher Education in Turkey: Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities—Observations and Recommended Actions on the Higher Education System Based on Seventeen Institutional Evaluation Reports of Turkish Universities (TÜSİAD Publication No. T-2008-10/473). European University Association (EUA).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.hess.1927024020130502.2705

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; hess@cscanada.net; hess@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net