The Evolution of Institutions of Higher Learning in the Process of Social Change: From SRCC to SPEC

Xinglin PENG


This article discusses the evolution from Sichuan Rural Construction College (SRCC) to Sichuan Provincial Education College (SPEC) in the process of social changes. The establishment of SRCC and its reconstruction as SPEC is the result of social change. The rural construction movement has emerged in China during 1920s-1930s, a large number of intellectuals thought that the poverty and ignorance is the root of China backward, to save China, it is necessary to revitalize the rural areas. When the upsurge of rural construction movement swept the Sichuan, SRCC can be established in the jointed efforts of local government and Sichuan warlords, and the establishment of SPEC was the interactive results between central and local governments. Due to lack of financial support for SRCC itself, so that part of the course can not be carried out. After the central power into the Sichuan, Sichuan semi-independent state was broken. Due to Sichuan warlords more reluctant to investment funds led to the SRCC is facing the closed dilemma. But through the persistent efforts of teachers and students and coupled with the outbreak of the war, at this time urgent need for a large number of educational talents, leading to SRCC was reconstructed as SPEC. After the victory of Counter-Japanese War, teachers and students in SPEC designed to transform the college into a university, but their plan was thwarted as a result of the collapse of the national government.


Institution of higher learning; social changes; Sichuan Rural Construction College; Sichuan Provincial Education College

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