A Questionnaire of the Nature of Critical Thinking From the College Teachers in China

Fuyun GENG, Yan SUN


This study employed a semi-structure questionnaire to explore the understanding of the nature of critical thinking on from the college teachers. Most Chinese scholars believed that they have known the nature of critical thinking, but they couldn’t agree with others. The key words such as “reason”, “reflection”, “openness”, “questioning”, “argument”, “equality”, “truth-seeking”, “prudent”, “inference”, “diversity”, “logic”, “analysis”, “evaluation”, “dialectical”, “precise” will help the college teacher understand the nature of critical thinking. The difference between male and female, among the different academic title of college teachers in the nature of critical thinking will enlighten Chinese scholars a lot. Scholar’s disciplinary background, gender and academic directly affect their opinions of critical thinking, interdisciplinary research should be paid more attention to promote the development of critical thinking.


Critical thinking; College teacher; Chinese scholar

Full Text:



Bailin, S., Case, R., Coombs, J. R., & Daniels, L. B. (1990). Common miscoceptions of critical thinking. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 31, 269-283. doi: http://dx.doi.org./10.1080/002202799183124

Bensely, D. A. (2009). Thinking critically about critical thinking approaches: Comment on yancher, slife, and warne. Review of General Psychology,13, 275-277. doi: http://dx.doi.org./10.1037/a0015654

Bensely, D. A. (2011). Rules for reasoning revisited: Toward a scientific conception of critical thinking. In P. N. Christopher & M. F. James (Eds.), Critical thinking: Education in a competitive and globalizing world (pp.1-45). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Beyer, B. K. (1995). Critical thinking. Fastback (Vol.385, pp.7-33). Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Education Foundation.

Chance, P. (1986). Thinking in the classroom: A survey of programs. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Cody, D. F. (2006). Critical thoughts on critical thinking. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 32, 403-407. doi: http://dx.doi.org./10.1016/j.acalib.2006.03.007.

Ennis, R. H. (1987). A taxonomy of critical thinking dispositions and abilities. In J. B. Baron & R. F. Sternberg (Eds.), Teaching thinking skills: Theory and practice (pp.9-26). New York, NY: Freeman.

Facione, P. A. (1990). Critical thinking: A statement of expert consensus for purposes of educational assessment and instruction. Millbrae: The California Academic Press.

Fisher, A. (2000). Critical thinking: An introduction. Cambridge. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Galotti, K. M. (1989). Approaches to studying formal and informal reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 331-351. doi: http://dx.doi.org./10.1037/0033-2909.105.3.331

Glaser, E. M. (1941). An experiment in the development of critical thinking. New York, NY: Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University.

Halpern, D. F. (2007). The nature and nurture of critical thinking. In R. Sternberg, H. Roediger, & D. Halpern (Eds.), Critical thinking in psychology (pp.1-14). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, R. H. (1992). The problem of defining critical thinking. In S. P. Norris (Eds.), The generalizability of critical thinking: Mutiple perspectives on an educational ideal. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Johnson, R. H. (1993). Creative and critical thinking through academic controversy. American behavioral Scientist, 1, 40-54. Doi: http://dx.doi.org./10.1177/0002764293037001005

Kurfiss, J. G. (1988). Critical Thinking: Theory, research, practice, and possibilities. ASHE一ERIC Higher Education Report NO.2.Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Higher Education.

Lipman, M. (1991). Thinking in education. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (1999). Critical thinking: Teaching student to seek the logic of things. Journal of Developmental Education,1, 34-35. Retrieved August 19, 2014 from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ593592

Paul, W., & Elder, R. (2006). Critical thinking: Learn the tools the best thinkers use. New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Petris, K. (2004). Critical thinking: An extend definition. Education, 124, 461-466. Retrieved August 19, 2014 from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic265890.files/Critical_Thinking_File/06_CT_Extended_Definition.pdf

Riddell, T. (2007). Critical assumptions: Thinking critically about critical thinking. Journal of Nursing Education, 46, 121-126. Retrieved August 19, 2014 from http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/17396551

Scriven, M. (2000). Learning theories: An educational perspective. Upper Saddler River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Williams, R. L., & Worth, S. L. (2001). The relationship of critical thinking to success in college. Inquiry: Critical Thinking across the Disciplines, 21, 5-16. Retrieved August 19, 2014 from http://www.pdcnet.org/inquiryct_poiesis/content/inquiryct_poiesis_2001_0021_0001_0005_0016.

Xiong, M. H. (2006, Februray 28).The relationship between critical thinking and logic. Modern philosophy, 2, 115-119.

Yu, D. (2012, November 15). Three fundamental misconceptions of critical thinking. Higher Education Research, 33(11), 64.

Zhang, C. Y. (1989). Psychology dictionary. Taibei: Donghua Press.

Zhu, Z. X., & Lin, C. D. (2002). Thinking development psychology. Beijing: Beijing Normal University Press.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/5513


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; hess@cscanada.net; hess@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Higher Education of Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcaooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures