Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction as Determinant of Primary School Teachers Turnover Intention
This study examines the predictive power of organizational commitment and job satisfaction on primary school teacher’s turnover intention. Two hundred primary school teachers participants were selected from 20 primary schools out of one hundred primary school in ijebu north local government area of Ogun State through stratified and simple random sampling techniques the school were selected from two (2) constituencies in ijebu north local government area which are Ifelodun and Ijebu-Igbo. Seven (7) schools were selected from ifelodun and thirteen (13) public primary schools were randomly selected from ijebu. Ten (10) teachers (male and female) were randomly selected from each school making a total of two hundred (200). The selection of the schools was based on the population and the geographical territory of the consistency. Three instruments, Turnover Intention Scale, organization commitment scale and intrinsic motivation inventory were utilized in the study. Multiple regression (stepwise) and simple percentage were used for analysis. Findings showed that the two determinant variables (organizational commitment and intrinsic motivation) when taken together, determined the criterion variable (turnover intention). Finding also indicated that organization commitment was the most potent contributor to the prediction of turnover intention of primary school teachers. The implications of these findings for the government, policy makers and employers of labor, who are interested in effective functioning and retention of workers, were discussed.
Abraham, R. (1999). The impact of emotional dissonance on organizational commitment and intention to turnover. The Journal of Psychology, 133(4), 441-455.
Adams, G., & Dial, M. (1993). Teacher survival: A cox regression model. Education and Urban Society, 26(1), 90-99.
Adams, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social change: Advances in experimental Social Psychology (Vol.2). New York, NY: Academic Press.
Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.
Alniacik, U., Cigerim, E., Akein, K., & Bayram, O. (2011). Independent and joint effects ofperceived corporate reputation, affective commitment and job satisfaction on turnover intentions. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, 1177-1189.
Becker, H. S. (1960). Note on the concept of commitment. American Journal of Sociology, 97, 15-22.
Bedeian, A. G., Farris, G. R., & Kacmar, K. M. (1992). Age, tenure, and job satisfaction: A tale of two perspectives. Journal of Vocational Behaviuor, 40, 33-48.
Bertz, R. D. Jr., & Judge, T. A. (1994). Person-organization fit and the theory of work adjustment: Implications for satisfaction, tenure, and career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 44(1), 32-54.
Bright, L. (2008). Does public service motivation really make a difference on the job satisfaction and turnover intention of public employees? The American Review of Public Administration, 38(2), 149-166.
Chamber, J. M, (1999). The job satisfaction of managerial and executive women: Revisiting the assumptions. Journal of Education for Business, 75, 69-75.
Darling-Hammond, L. (1984). Beyond the Commission Reports: The coming crisis in teaching (Report No. R-3177-RC). Santa Monica. CA: The Rand Corporation, (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 248 245).
Darling-Hammond, L. (1997). What matters most: Investing in teaching. The School Administrator, 54, 44.
Darling-Hammond, L. (1999). Recruiting teachers for the 21st century: The foundation for educational equity. Journal of Negro Education, 68(3), 254-279.
Darling-Hammond, L. (1999). Teachers and teaching: Signs of a changing profession. In W. R. Houston, M. Haberman, & J. Sikula (Eds.), Handbook of research on teacher education (pp. 267-290). New York: Macmillan.
Dessler, G. (1978). Personnel management: Modern concepts and techniques. Prentice Hall of Canada Ltd.
Dessler, G. (2000). Human resource management. Journal of Negro Education, 68(3), 254-279.
Gautam, T., Van Dick, R., & Wagner, U. (2004). Organizational identification and organizationalcommitment: Distinct aspects of two related concepts. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 7, 301-315.
Grissmer, D., & Kirby, S. (1987). Teacher attrition: The uphill climb to staff the nation’s schools. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
Grissmer, D., & Kirby, S. (1992). Patterns of attrition among Indiana teachers, 1965-1987. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
Grissmer, D., & Kirby, S. (1997). Teacher turnover and teacher quality. Teachers College Record, 99, 45-56.
Guest, D. E. (1991). Personnel management: The end of orthodoxy? British Journal of Industrial Relation, 29(2), 147-145
Herrere, R. (2003). Job satisfaction among athletic trainers in NCAA divisional institutions. The Sports Journal, 6(1), 1-7.
Heyns, B. (1988). Educational defectors: A first look at teacher attrition in the NLS-72, Educational Researcher, 17, 24-32.
Ingersoll, R. M. (2001). Teacher turnover and teacher shortages: An organizational analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 38(3), 499-534.
Ma, C., Samuel, M. E., & Alexander, J. W. (2003). Factor that influence nurse’s job satisfaction. Journal of nursing Administration, 33(5), 293-299.
Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1997). Commitment in the Workplace: Theory, Research, and Application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991). A three component conceptualisation of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61−89.
Meyer, J. P., Bobocel, D. R., & Allen, N. J. (1991). Development of organizational commitment during the first year employment: A longitudinal study of pre- and post-entry influence. Journal of Management. 17, 717–733.
Mobley, W. H. (1977). Intermediate linkages in the relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover, Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 237-240.
Mobley, W. H., Horner, S., & Hollingsworth, A. (1978). An evaluation of the precursors of hospital employee turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 408-14.
Mohr, R. D., & Zoghi, C. (2008). High-involvement work design and job satisfaction. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 6(3), 275-296.
Murnane, R. (1981). Teacher mobility revisited. Journal of Human Resources, 16(1), 3-19.
Murnane, R. (1987). Understanding teacher attrition. Harvard Educational Review, 57(2), 177-182.
Okebukola, P. (2002). The state of Nigerian universities. In B. Borishade and P. Okebukola (Eds.), Repositioning Higher Education in Nigeria (24-79). Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books.
Ololobe, N. P. (2007).Teachers job satisfaction and motivation for school effectiveness: An assessment. Retrieved from http://www.usca.edu?esssays/vol182006/ololube.pdf.
Sanders, W., & Rivers, J. (1996). Cumulative and residual effects of teachers on future student academic achievement (Research progress report). In University of Tennessee Value- Added Assessment Center, Knoxville, TN. Retrieved March 28, 2001 from http://mdk12.org/practices/ensure/tva/ tva_2.html
Schermerhorn, J. R., Jr., Hunt, J. G. & Osborn, R. N. (1996). Managment organizational behavioure: Esential. Toronto: john wiley and sons.
Schermerhorn, J. R., Jr., Hunt, J. G., & Osborn, R. N. (2000). Organizational Behaviour (7th ed). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Shields, M. A., & Ward, M. (2001). Improving nurse retention in the national health service in England: The impact of job satisfaction on intention to quit. Journal of Health Economics, 20, 677-701.
Spector, P. E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, cause, and consequences. Thousand Oak., CA: Sage Publications.
Taiwo, O., & Taiwo, K. A. (2002). A critical look at the academic programmes and the studying environment in Nigerian higher institutions and how they affect both curriculum delivery and prevalence of vices.
Tett, R. P., & Meyer, J. P. (1996). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention: path analyses based on meta-analytic findings. Personal Psychology, 46(2), 259-293.
Tett, R., & Meyer, J. (1993). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention and turnover: Path analyses based on meta-analytic findings. Personnel Psychology, 46, 259–293.
Trimble, D. E. (2006). Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover intention of missionaries. Journal of Psychology and Technology, 34(4), 349-360.
Wiener, Y. (1982). Commitment in organizations: A normative view. Academy of Management Review, 7, 418-428.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138