Using Presupposition to Analyze Bao Fu in Xiangsheng

Wen-bo DONG


This paper uses presupposition theories from semantic, pragmatic and cognitive perspectives to analyze the humor language in traditional Chinese art—xiangsheng (相声), comic dialogue. After a qualitative analysis of three episodes from Da Bao Biao (大保镖), Big Guard, a representative of xiangsheng, the trace of humor in the comic dialogue is detected. I hope this paper can give some hints on how to use presupposition to analyze humor.
Key words: xiangsheng (comic dialogue), baofu (cloth wrapper), presupposition humor
Résumé: Le présent article utilise la théorie de présupposition dans les perspectives sémantique, pragmatique et cognitive pour analyser le langage humoristique dans l’art traditionnel chinois – xiangsheng, dialogue comique. A travers des analyses quantitatives des trois épisodes de Da Bao Biao, Grande Garde, programme représentatif de Xiangsheng, la trace de l’humour dans le dialogue comique est détectée. J’espère que cet article peut apporter des éclaircissements à l’utilisation de la présupposition dans l’analyse de l’humour.
Mots-Clés: Xiangsheng (dialogue comique), baofu (enveloppe de toile), présupposition, humour
摘要:本文用預設理論分別從語義、語用和認知的角度對傳統中國藝術 -相聲中的幽默進行分析。作者選取了傳統相聲《大保鏢》中的三個片斷,進行了定量分析,由此得出滑稽語言中的幽默來源。作者希望這篇論文能為預設理論分析幽默帶來一些啟發和明示。

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