Design and Operational Procedures for a Locally Made Steam Distillation Apparatus
In Trinidad, oil production started just over 100 years ago and steam flood operations started just under 50 years ago. In steam flood operations, oil recovery by steam distillation can be in the range of 5 to 60 % and therefore requires separate experimental and mathematical studies for accurate steam flood predictions. The steam distillation apparatus required for the experimental study can be quite costly. In order to conduct steam distillation studies in the Petroleum Studies Unit in Trinidad, a steam distillation apparatus was designed, fabricated and tested to perform these studies, as an integral part of the experimental steam flood studies on Trinidad crude oils.
The apparatus consist of a positive displacement pump, a steam generator, a steam distillation cell, a temperature measurement and control system, a back pressure valve and a condensing and liquid collection system. The steam generator and steam distillation cell were fabricated in-house, from stainless steel and were designed to conduct steam distillation studies at a safe working pressure of 4.654 MPa and temperature of 260 °C. From the operational procedures outlined in this study and from repeat test runs conducted at 100 °C and 260 °C steam distillation results were reproduced with differences of less than ± 4.0 % between the original and repeat runs. Details of the apparatus design and operational procedures from this study can provide a useful guide for other Researchers on crude oil steam distillation studies.
Key words: Steam distillation apparatus; Design; Operational procedures; Oil; Steam; Temperature; Pressure; Trinidad
Duerksen, J. H., & Hsueh, L. (1983). Steam Distillation of Crude Oils. Soc. Pet. Eng. J., 23(2),265-271.
 Farouk Ali, S.M. Jr. (1968). Practical Consideration in Steamflooding. Producers Monthly, 32(l), 13-16.
 Hengstebeck, R. J. (1961). Distillation: Principles and Design Procedures. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corp.
 Hosein, R., Bertrand, W., & Dawe, R. (2011). Heavy Oil Recovery in Trinidad and Tobago by Steam Injection: Past, Present and Future. Oil and Gas Journal, 109(36), 62-69.
 Ozen, A. S., & Farouq Ali, S. M. Jr. (1969). An Investigation of the Recovery of the Bradford Crude by Steam Injection. J. Pet. Tech., 21(6), 692-698.
 Perry, J. H. (1950). New York: Chemical Engineers’ Handbook (3rd Edition). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
 Quinones-Martinez, O. A. (1971). Steam Distillation (Master’s thesis). Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University.
 Rhee, S. W., & Doscher, T. M. (1980). A Method for Predicting Oil Recovery by Steamflooding Including the Effects of Distillation and Gravity Override. Soc. Pet. Eng. J., 20(4), 249-66.
 Wu, C. H., & Brown, A. (1975). A Laboratory Study on Stearn Distillation in Porous Media. Paper presented at the 1975 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, Sept. 28 to Oct. 1.
 Wu, C. H., & Elder, R. B. (1980). Crude Oil Stearn Distillation in Steamflooding. Colorado: U.S. Department of Energy.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138