Socio-Economic Characteristics and Livelihood Assets of Wetlands Users at Ede Region, Southwestern Nigeria

Martin Binde Gasu

Abstract


The study examines the socio-economic characteristics of the users of wetlands, the relationship between their status and their resources with a view to land reform in the region. The study employed primary and secondary data. Primary data explored 566 structured questionnaires administered on wetland users using the snow-ball method soliciting information on: respondents’ indicators of livelihood assets, resources, human capital, socio-economic characteristics, quality of dwelling, sanitation and ownership of land. Secondary data was sourced from conventional sources. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results show that over 70% of respondents were above 41 years of age and were predominantly small scale food-farmers. Furthermore, 59.4% of respondents lived in Brazilian type of houses “face me I face you” with 49.0% of the houses in faire state that need maintenance, 60.3% had bare ground floors while 44.3% were personal houses and 31.7% family houses. Similarly, it was established that the depth of poverty in relation to landed assets showed that 58.6% of the rich compared to 20.7% of the moderate poor and 20.7% of the poorest ranked households owned more than 10 ha of land. The implications of this is that a greater proportion of productive assets (Land) in Ede region were in the hands of the non-poor ranked households which has continued to widen the gap between the rich and the poor and if poverty has to be tackled, then there must be a way forward through “land reform” to make this very important livelihood asset available to the extreme poor.


Keywords


Land reform; Poverty; Housing conditions; Livelihood assets; Wetlands

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adepoju, A. (1983). Population redistribution: A review of governmental policies. In J. I. Clark & L. A. Kosinski (Eds.), Redistribution of population in Africa (pp.58-67). London: Heinemann.

Ajakaiye, D. O., & Olomola, A. S. (Eds.). (2003). Poverty in Nigeria: A multi-dimensional perspective (pp.1-33). Ibadan: Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER).

Akinola, S. R. (2007). Land use decree, forest administration and governance crisis in Nigeria. GIMPA Journal of Leadership, Management and Administration, 5(1), 109-131.

Akinola, S. R., & Awotona. (1997). The impact of road consruction on the local environment in Nigeria: A case of road projects in Osun State, Nigeria. In P. B. Mayer & T. S. Lyons (Eds.), The small city and regional community (pp.191-202). Kentucky: University of Louisville.

Aziz, S. (1978). Rural development learning from China. London: McMillan.

Booth, D., Hammer, L., & Lovell, E. (2000). Poverty and transport: A report prepared for the World Bank Collaboration with DFID. London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI).

Chambers, R. (2006). What is poverty? Who asked and who answers? UNDP, 2006 in poverty in focus (pp.5-6). International Poverty Centre (IPC).

Clunas, C., Pannel, C. W., Ebrey. P., Nathan, A. J., & Yang, T. (2008). China: Microsoft Encarta 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation.

Constitutional Rights Projects (CRP). (1999). Land, oil and human rights in Niger Delta region, Lagos.

David, D. (1994). From poverty to exclusion (The currier fighting poverty country report, Niger No. 143).

Dercon, S. (2000, Janurary). Economic reform, poverty reduction and programme aid. Paper Presented for the AIDA Conference on Aid and Development. Stockholm.

DFID. (2005). The International Development Magazine, 32.

Ekong, E. E. (1999). Rural development and the persistence of poverty. Inaugural Lecture Series, (1),15-17. University of Cross River state, Uyo.

Federal Office of Statistics. (1999). Poverty profile for Nigeria: 1980-1996.

Gasu, M. B. (2011). Utilisation of wetland resources for poverty alleviation in Ede Region Southwestern Nigeria (Doctoral dissertation). Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Gasu, M. B., Fadare, S. O., Ejemeyovwi, D. O., & Anwadike, B. C. (2007). Socio-economic study of wetlands as a strategy for poverty reduction in Wasimi, Irewole Local government Area, Osun State, Nigeria. In W, Fadare & A. Adesanya (Eds.), Towards a sustainable built and natural environment (pp.283-295).

Guyse, T. T. (2009, November). Land reforms and management in West Africa. Commonwealth Association of Planners West Africa Workshop Eko Hotel, Lagos.

Ingawa, S. A. (2001). Agricscope: Newsletter of the PCU. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 18(1), pp.1-6.

John, S., & Rogaly, B. (Eds.). (1997). Microfinance and poverty reduction. UK & Ireland: Oxfam Publications.

Karlsson, M. (2001). Opening address. In B. Pleskovic & N. Stern, (Eds.), Annual World Bank conference on development economics 2000 (pp.7-11).

Kessides, C. 2006. The urban transition in Sub-Saharan Africa. Implications for economic growth and poverty reduction. Washington D. C.: The World Bank.

Kio, P. R. O., & Ola-Adams, B. A. (1990). Utilization and development of wetlands. In T. V. T Apata, & Okali (Eds.), Proceedings of Nigerian man and the biosphere national committee and UNESCO supported by the Nigerian Conservation Foundation Conference (pp.27-29). Federal Secretariat Rivers State, Nigeria.

Kolawole, O. D., & Torimiro, D. O. (2006). Nigerian poor majority: Issues and challenges in the 21st century. Research Journal of social Sciences, 1(1), 11-20.

Land Use Act. 1978.

Mekonnen, H. (1994, July). The integration of poverty alleviation into economic adjustment programs in Sub-Saharan Africa: A World Bank perspective. Paper presented to The Malawi Semminar on Integration of poverty Alleviation Into Economic Policies. Blantyre.

Narayan, D., Chamber, R., Kaul Shah., M., & Petesch, P. (2000, September). Global synthesis, consultations with the poor. Paper prepared for global synthesis workshop. World Bank, Washington D.C..

National Bureau of Statistics. (2004). Poverty profile for Nigeria (pp.54-60).

Okafor, C., & Onokerhoraye, G. (1994). Rural systems and land resource evaluataion for Africa. Benin City: The Benin Social Science Series.

Okusami, T. A. (2011). Sustainable land use: Pedology perspective. Obafemi Awolowo University Inaugural Lecture Series 237 (pp.27-64). Obafemi Awolowo University Printing Press.

Olanrewaju, S. A. (1984). The development problem revised: Some lessons from the Chinese experience. Paper presented at the National Seminar on Innovative Approaches to Development Theory. NISER, Ibadan.

Omotola, J. A. (1984). Essays on the land Use Act, 1978, Lagos. University Presss, Lagos.

Ouedraogo, H., Gnisxi, D., & Hitiamana, L. (2006). Land reform process in West Africa: Areview, Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC). SAH/D(2006)560, Paris, France.

Oyeranti, O., & Olaiyiwola, K. (2005). Policies and programmes for poverty reduction in Nigeria (An interim research report submitted to the African Economic Research Consortium (AFRC), Nairobi for the second phase collaborative poverty research project, pp.1-50).

Oyesiku, O. K. (2009, November). City liveability: Implications and challenges. Paper presented at the 2009 Commonwealth Association of Planners West Africa Workshop on Planning for Liveable Humman Settlement: The West African Challenges. Victorial Island, Lagos, Nigeria.

Sen, A. (1999). Development as freedom. Oxford University Press.

Shelter Watch. (1996). Land Use Act: Suggestions for Amendment (p.36).

Smyth, A. J., & Montgomery, R. F. (1962). Soil and land use in central Western Nigeria (pp.10-84). Ibadan: Government printers.

Tomlinson, M., (2002, November 6). The poverty reduction strategy process (PRSP) approach: Its rationale and possibilities. The Guardian (p.33 & p.35).

Townsend, P. (2006). What is poverty? An historical perspective. In Poverty in Focus UNDP 2006 (pp.3-4). International Poverty Centre (IPC).

UNICEF. (2006). The state of the world’s children 2007: Women and children. The double divident of gender equality. UNICEF, USA.

World Bank. (1996). Nigeria: Poverty in the Midst of plenty: The challenges of growth with inclusion. Retrieved from http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPOVERTY/EXTPA/0,,contentMDK:20204610~menuPK:435735~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:430367,00.html

World Bank. (2000). Public Information document for the reversal of land and water degradation trends in Lake Chad basin ecosystem (Project ID 3APE70252).

World Bank. (2001). Poverty reduction strategy. Core techniques and cross-cutting, volume I. Washington D.C: The World Bank.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.sss.1923018420130404.2741

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; sss@cscanada.net; sss@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net
Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com