As It Was in the Beginning: The Vicious Cycle of Corruption in Nigeria

Daniel E. Agbiboa


Corruption, both in its high and low typologies, is an enduring problem in Africa and is widely believed to constitute a major drag on the continent’s progress and development writ large. This paper focuses on the development of the problem of high-level corruption, and struggles against it, in Africa’s most populous and oil-rich country, Nigeria. The paper critically examines the past and present experience of corruption in Nigeria and concludes, especially in the light of current oil-related scandals, that Nigeria is regressing rapidly in its war against corruption. The paper is historically anchored and identifies key periods and issues in Nigeria’s political trajectory which set the stage for a current system that tolerates, even rewards, corruption.


Corruption; Development; Nigeria

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