Life Inspiration of Walden

Jian LI, Kunming YAO


Walden is a very famous book written by Henry David Thoreau who is a  representative of American Transcendentalism. In this book, Thoreau indicates lfe inspiration, it advocats simple outward, Thoreau strictly criticizes the American life style, in walden, he advocates people to lessen their desire for the so-called “necessary of life”, some of which might turn out to be burden of life. Too much attachment to material world would deprive people of aesthetic sense, moral refinement, and physical freedom. It also advocats Awareness of environmental protection, Thoreau is a conservationist who practices “Small is beautiful.” He made minimum demands on the earth, and lived with great frugality. Then it advocats rich inward, Thoreau explains in Walden that one reason for his experiment of life in the woods was to see what a person actually needed and how much lifetime he really had to pay in exchange for those necessities. At last Thoreau concluded in walden it is the simple material life and rich spiritual life that people should pursue. This is also ecological responsibilityof human beings .


life inspiration; Walden; Henry David Thoreau

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Cavell, S. (1972). The senses of Walden. New York: The Viking Press.Thoreau, H. D. (1995). Walden. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Mark Van Doren (1916). Henry David Thoreau: A critical study. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Robert F. Sayre ( 1985). Henry David Thoreau: A week on the concord and Merrimack River; Walden; or, life in the woods; the Maine woods; Cape Cod. New York: Library of America.



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