Continuation of Despotism in Sufis' Rituals in Iran Society Typology of Transaction in Attar's Tazkirat al-Awliyā, Based on the psychological commentaries of Eric Berne

Ali Sadeghimanesh, Abolghasem Rahimi


The review of Tazkirat al-Awliyā by the Typology of Transaction perspective which is based on the ideas and attitudes of Eric Berne, has proven that in all the transactions among the Sufis, especially among the disciples and muqtada, the ego state of muqtada is a parent and the ego state of disciple is an acclimated child. This natural relation reveals its negative feature when treats as a degrading factor in a self-centered relationship and makes inequality in interpersonal relationships. The existence of such relationships among the Sufis will lead the mindset of the society towards accepting oppressive relationships and develope the social inequalities in human society. These inequal relations show themselves in the rituals of sufis. The rituals which institutionalize opperssive relationships by having social acceptability. The relationships which show despotism and dictatorship as a natural behavior.


Typology of transaction in literature; Sofia; Despotism; Rituals of disciple and muqtada; Tazkirat al-Awliyā; Eric Berne; The book of policy

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