An Empirical Study on Age Variable
Age is a very important variable in second language acquisition. For years, the effect of age in SLA (second language acquisition) is a disputable topic in the field of linguistics. However, the dispute focuses more on theoretical basis rather than the research of substantial evidence. Therefore, we have made a quantitative survey on the students’ scores (11 times) from junior 1 to senior 2 (5 years) in the middle school by analyses between those (over 30 students) who have learned English for 3 years in the primary school and those (about 400 students) who have not. Finally we come to the conclusion that the idea of “the younger, the better” in FLL (foreign language learning) should be doubted.
Key words: Age variable; CPH; Optimal age
Birdsong, D. (2006). Age and Second Language Acquisition and Processing: A Selective Overview. Language Learning, Supplement, (1), 9-49.
CUI, Gang (2011). A Study on the Critical Period Hypothesis of Language Acquisition. Foreign Language Education, (3), 48-51.
DONG, Yanping (2003). The Issue of “Foreign Language Should Learned from an Earlier Age” in the Light of the Present Situation of Primary School English Education in Guangdong Province. Modern Foreign Languages, (1), 25-28.
Ellis, R. (1999). The Study of Second Language Acquisition (Vol. 3, pp. 692, 712). Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.
GUI, Shichun (1992). The Doubt on “Foreign Language Should Learned from an Earlier Age”. Foreign Language Teaching and Research, (4), 52-54.
GUI, Shichun (2012). Say “No” to the Fashion of Starting to Teach English in the Kindergarten. Foreign Languages in China, (1), 41-47.
Lenneberg, E. (1982). Biological Foundation of Language (pp. 57-59). New York: Wiley.
LIU, Zhiliang (2007). A Rational Reflection on the Advantages and Disadvantages in Foreign Language Learning for Children. Foreign Language Teaching & Research in Basic Education, (7), 21-28.
LIU, Zhiliang, & CHEN, Guanying (2009). Age Effects in Foreign Language Learning for Children in China. English Language Teaching, (1), 37-45.
LIU, Zhiliang (2009). A Study on CPH and Debate Summary in FLL. English Language Teaching, (3), 120-128.
Singleton, D., & Munoz, C. (2011). Around and Beyond the Critical Period Hypothesis. In H. Hinke (Ed.), Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning (Vol. 2). New York: Routledge.
Snow, C., & Hoefnagel-Höhle, M. (1982). School Age Second Language Learners’ Access to Simplified Linguistic Input. Language Learning, 32, 411-430.
Stern, H. (1999). Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching (pp. 366-367). Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.
SU, Dingfang (2001). My Viewpoints on Teaching Reform. Foreign Languages Teaching from Abroad, (1), 6.
SU, Dingfang, LI, Zhewei, & ZHANG, Yigang (2003). The Survey and Thinking on the of Primary School English Teaching in Shanghai. Foreign Language Teaching, (3), 54-62.
SU, Dingfang (2010). Dos and Don’ts: Rediscussion the Orientation of Foreign Language Education in China. 21st Century English Education Weekly, (5).
ZHAO, Fei, & ZOU, Weicheng (2008). The Autobiography Research on the Issue of Age in Foreign Language Learning – An Inspiration from the Successful Learners in Foreign Language Teaching. Modern Foreign Languages, (3), 317-327.
ZHOU, Jiaxian (2009). The Research on Brain and Cognitive Mechanism of Sensitive Period in Language Learning & the Practice and Foreign Language Education Policy – A Talk on the Practice & Foreign Language Education Policy. The Outlook of Global Education, (9), 20-26.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com