A Corpus Approach to Discourse Analysis of Newspaper Restaurant Reviews: A Preliminary Analysis
This study is a corpus-based discourse analysis that explores specific discourse communities of restaurant reviews in newspapers. The design of this study is largely influenced by the works of Swales (1990), Bhatia (1993), and Biber et al. (2007), and is guided by understanding how a professional text in a particular discipline achieves its disciplinary objectives. A specialized corpus was constructed and the data were randomly selected from restaurant reviews from five leading newspapers in US in 2010. The analyses focused on the distributions and functions of surface linguistic features including move analyses, analyses of communicative purposes in the texts, and investigations of the vocabulary and typical lexico-grammatical realizations of these moves. The results have shown that the establishment of the dining experience (Move 3) (46.3%) occurred most frequently, followed by a description of the entering (Move 2) (22.0%), and then a detailed description of the chosen restaurant (Move 1) (14.7%). Most reviews were structured chronologically and were similarly arranged in the following order: experience of choice, entering, dining, paying, and consideration of another visit. In addition, some rhetorical signals were noticed. The implications of the findings are presented with possible suggestions for future teaching and research issues.
Key words: Corpus; Discourse analysis; Restaurant review
American of Food Journalists. (2001). Food Critics’ Guidelines. Retrieved January 10th, 2012 from http://www.afjonline.com/FoodCriticsGuidelines.cfm
Angelsmith News Blog. (2012). Groundbreaking Survey Reveals How Diners Choose Restaurants. Retrieved October 2012 from http://www.angelsmith.net/blog/groundbreaking-survey-reveals-how-diners-choose-restaurants/
Barrows, C., Lattuca, F., & Bosselman, R. (1989). Influence of Restaurant Reviews upon Consumers. FIU Hospitality Review, 7, 84-92.
Bhatia, V. (1993). Analyzing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings. NY: Longman.
Biber, D., Connor, U., & Upton, T. (2007). Discourse on the Move: Using Corpus Analysis to Describe Discourse Structure. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Chalmers, I. (2007). The Secret Life of Critics. Chef Magazine, 51(6), 38.
Coxhead, A. (2000). A New Academic Word List. TESOL Quarterly, 34, 213-238. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3587951
Dornenburg, A., & Page, K. (1998). Dining out. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
Druce, C. (2010). Public Trusts Peer Reviews Before Restaurant Critics. Cater & Hotelkeeper, 200(4645), 8.
Frumkin, P. (2007, January 8). Everyone’s a Critic: Operators Adapt to Surge in Online Reviews by Patrons. National Restaurant News, 41(2), 1.
Grindy, B. (1998). Drawing Diners to Your Door. Retrieved December 22, 2010 from http://www.restaurant.org/tools/magazines/rusa/magArchive/year/issue/article/?ArticleID=299
Guesnburg, C. (1999, July/August). Paid to Eat. American Journalism Review, 9, 14-15.
Jacob, D. (2010). Will Write for Food. NY: Da Capo Press.
Lallande, A. (2005). Presstime on Food Sections. Retrieved October 2012 from http://www.nnnlp.com/in-the-news/2005-12-01-presstime
LI, M., & HOU, H. (2010, April). Corpus-Based Genre Analysis on Magazines’ Sports Reviews: A Preliminary Study. 2010 International Conference on Applied Linguistics & Language Teaching (ALLT) Proceedings. National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.
Mariana, J. (2000, January). The Wheat from the Chaff. Restaurant Hospitality, 83, 32.
Moir, J. (2007). Critic in Crisis. Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 197(4483), 2.
National Restaurant Association. (2012). 2012 Restaurants by the Numbers. Retrieved October 2012 from http://www.restaurant.org/pdfs/research/PocketFactbook_2012.pdf
Pollach, I. (2006). Electronic Words of Mouth: A Genre Analysis of Product Reviews on Consumer Opinion Web Sites. Proceeding of the 39th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Retrieved October 25th, 2012 from http://www.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/2006/2507/03/250730051c.pdf
Richards, J. (2001, February 23). Real Food Critics Work Hard to Remain Anonymous. LI Business News, 48, 46A.
Rohr, W. (1993, October 1). The Critic’s Voice. Restaurant & Institutions, 103, 137-141.
Ruggless, R. (1993, March 22). Inside the Mind of the Restaurant Reviewer. Nation’s Restaurant News, 27, 11.
Sanson, M. (1990, September). Dangerous Liaisons. Restaurant Hospitality, 74, 105-106, 109, 113.
Schroeder, J. (1985). Restaurant Critics Respond: We’re Doing Our Job. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 25(2), 57-63.
Swales, J. (1990). Genre Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Titz, K., Lanza-Abbott, J., & Cruz, G. (2004). The Anatomy of Restaurant Reviews: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 5(1), 49-65. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J149v05n01_03
Upton, T., & Cohen, M. (2009). An Approach to Corpus-Based Discourse Analysis: The Move Analysis as Example. Discourse Studies, 11, 585-605. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461445609341006
Walkup, C. (2004, May 24). Critics, Restaurateurs Discuss Fairness of Reviews. National Restaurant News, 105-106.
West, M. (1953). A General Service List of English Words. London: Longman.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org