Where There Is Oppression, There Is Resistance—An Analysis of the Motives of Heathcliff’s Revenge
Wuthering Heights is one of the most successful novels in the world. Heathcliff’s crazy revenge even gains lots of attention. From the perspective of psychology, especially Abraham H. Maslow’s motivation theory, this paper studies the motives of Heathcliff’s revenge. It finds out that the motives of Heathcliff’s revenge were attributed to the dissatisfaction of the five basic needs of human beings, especially the safety needs, the esteem needs and the self-actualization needs. The revenge was, in fact, the instinctive resistance to the oppression.
Key words: Wuthering Heights; Motivation; Oppression; Resistance; Heathcliff’s revenge
Allot, M. (1992). Emily Brontë Wuthering Heights: A Case Book. London: the Mecmillan Press Ltd.
Brontë, E. (2000). Wuthering Heights. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
CHEN, M. X. (2010). Space and Humanity—The Humanity of Hero Heathcliff in Wuthering Heights (Thesis). Retrieved from CNKI.
Hoyenga, K. B., & Hoyenga, K. T. (1984). Motivational Explanations of Behavior: Evolutionary, Physiological and Cognitive Ideas. Monterey: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
LIANG, Y. L., & LI, L. (2001). Psychological Depression and Retaliation—A Psychoanalytical Reading of Heachiff in Wuthering Heights. Mental World, (8), 55-56.
Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-96.
Maslow, A. H. (1954, 1999). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper & Row, Publisher, Inc. / Beijing: China Social Sciences Publishing House.
SHEN, W. W. (2007). “I Am Heathcliff!”—Wuthering Heights and the Problem of Identity (Thesis). Retrieved from CNKI.
SHI, Y. L. (2004). Wuthering Heights and Freud’s Human Instinct. Journal of Zhejiang Ocean University, 21(2), 33-37.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com