Dialectic and Didactic: Divergent Paths to Contemporary Discourse
This paper attempts to uncover the semantic history of the concepts of “dialectic” and “didactic” which goes back to the Ancient Greece. I compare and contrast Socrates/Plato’s and Aristotle’s approaches to dialectic. Dialectic became associated with formal logic in Scholasticism, and, as such, came under attack by secular and religious humanists in late Medieval Europe. The history of didactic began with Aristotle who introduced it in Sophistical Refutations to indicate a type of argument, synonymous to demonstration, but not antonymous to dialectic. Almost forgotten during the late Antiquity and early Middle Ages, didactic enjoyed wide acceptance by Ramists, especially Commenius, who saw in it a revolutionary methodological approach to education differing from the Scholastic trivium. While the contemporary use of didactic, whose intellectual value has significantly diminished since Commenius, is largely confined to the realm of instruction, dialectic became associated with the ideas of Hegel and Marx.
Key words: Dialectic; Didactic; Discourse; Plato; Aristotle; Ramus; Commenius; Descartes; Hegel
Aristotle (2004a). On Sophistical Refutation (W.A. Pickard-Cambridge, Trans.). White Fish, MT: Kessinger.
Aristotle (2004b). Posterior Analystics (G.R.G. Mure, Trans.). White Fish, MT: Kessinger.
Aristotle (2006a). Metaphysics (W.D. Ross, Trans.). Stilwell, KS: Digireads.
Aristotle (2006b). Topics (W.A. Pickard-Cambridge, Trans.). Stilwell, KS: Digireads.
Ayer, A.J. (1952). Language, Truth and Logic. New York: Dover Publications.
Barnes, J. (1975). Aristotle, Posterior Analytic. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Bird, G. (Ed.). (2006). A Companion to Kant. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bolton, R. (1994). The Problem of Dialectical Reasoning (Συλλογισμός). In Aristotle (Ed.), Ancient Philosophy, 14, 99-132.
Brandom, R.B. (1994). Making It Explicit. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Clark, A. (1997). Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Conason, J. (2007). Al Gore, Uncensored, in the Assault on Reason. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com.
Conley, T.M. (1990). Rhetoric in the European Tradition. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Cottingham, J., Stoothoff, R., & Murdoch, D. (1985). Philosophical Writings of Descartes (Vol. 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Doll, W.E. (2005). The Culture of Method. In W. E. Doll, M. J. Fleener, D. Trueit, & J. St. Julien (Eds.), Chaos, Complexity, Curriculum and Culture: A Conversation (pp. 21-76). New York: Lang.
Duquette, D.A. (Ed.) (2003). Hegels History of Philosophy: New Interpretations. Albany: SUNY Press.
Ferrarin, A. (2001). Hegel and Aristotle. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Finocchiaro, M.A. (1988). Gramsci and the History of Dialectical Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fisher, A.L. (1969). The Essential Writings of Merleau-Ponty. New York: Harcourt.
Gilbert, N.W. (1960). Renaissance Concepts of Method. New York: Columbia University Press.
Gordon, S. (1991). The History and Philosophy of Social Science. London: Routledge.
Graham, L.R. (1972). Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union. New York: Knopf.
Green, A.W. (1952). Sir Francis Bacon: His Life and Works. Denver, CO: Alan Swallow.
Green, L.C. (1972). The Bible in Sixteenth-Century Humanist Education. Studies in the Renaissance, 19, 112-134.
Guthrie, W.K.C. (1968). The Greek Philosophers from Thales to Aristotle. London: Routledge.
Hale, J.R. (1971). Renaissance Europe 1480-1520. London: Fontana.
Hempel, C.G. (1965). Aspects of Scientific Explanation. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Horkheimer, M., & Adorno, T.W. (1972). Dialectic of Enlightenment. New York: Herder and Herder.
Keatinge, M. W. (1910). The Great Didactic of Jon Amos Comenius. Kila, MT: Kessinger.
King, P. (1988). Review of the Book Introduction to the Problem of Individuation in the Early Middle Ages. By J. J. E. Garcia, The Philosophical Review, 97(4), 564-567.
Irwin, T.H. (1988). Aristotles First Principles. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Jay, M. (1973). The Dialectical Imagination. Boston, MA: Little, Brown.
Joseph, S.M. (2002). The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric. Philadelphia, PA: Paul Dry Books.
Lohr, C.H. (1988). Renaissance Authors. Latin Aristotle Commentaries (Vol. 2). Florence, Italy: Olschki.
Mack, P. (2002). Elizabethan Rhetoric. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moss, A. (1996). Printed Commonplace-Books and the Structuring of Renaissance Thought. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Murphy, J.J. (1974). Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: A History of Rhetorical Theory from Saint Augustine to the Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Oxford University (1993). The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ong, W.J. (1958). Ramus: Method and the Decay of Dialogue. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ong, W.J. (1961). Ramist Classroom Procedure and the Nature of Reality. Studies in English Literature, 1, 31-47.
Overfield, J.H. (1984). Humanism and Scholasticism in Late Medieval Germany. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Owen, G.E.L. (1985). Logic, Science and Dialectic: Collected Papers in Greek Philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Pippin, R.B. (2005). The Persistence of Subjectivity: On the Kantian Aftermath. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Plato (1961). The Collected Dialogues of Plato Including the Letters (E. Hamilton & H. Cairns, Trans.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Plato (2008). Republic (B. Jowett, Trans.). New York: Cosimo.
Popper, K.R. (1966). The Open Society and Its Enemies: Hegel and Marx (Vol. 2). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Renzulli, J.S. (2008). The Achievement Gap, the Education Conspiracy against Low Income Children, and How This Conspiracy Has Dragged Down the Achievement of All Students. Retrieved from http://www.nsgt.org/pdf/article_conspiracytheorypaper_renzulli.pdf
Renzulli, J.S., Gentry, M., & Reis, S.M. (2003). A Time and A Place for Authentic High-End Learning, Educational Leadership, 62(1), 73-77.
Riedel, M. (1984). Between Tradition and Revolution: The Hegelian Transformation of Political Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robinson, R. (1953). Platos Earlier Dialectic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Seung, T.K. (1969). Kants Transcendental Logic. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Sharratt, M. (1994). Galileo: Decisive Innovator. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Simon, B. (1978). Mind and Madness in Ancient Greece: The Classical Roots of Modern Psychiatry. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Webster, N. (1894). Websters Collegiate Dictionary: A Dictionary of the English language. Springfield, MA: Merriam.
Wilson, M.D. (1999). Ideas and Mechanism: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org