The Construction of Oral Problems in an EFL Context: An Innovative Approach

Alireza Jamshidnejad


Abstract: How are oral problems constructed in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) communication? Oral communication problems can be major challenges to effective foreign language learning and communication. This paper investigates the nature of oral problems in foreign language learning and communication in order to provide a means of being more familiar with the complexities of problem-construction in an EFL context. Using theories of interpersonal communication, I introduce a novel approach for rethinking the issue of language use and context with foreign language learners. Adopting a qualitative research approach, I collected data from a series of interviews with a group of language teachers and Persian learners of English Literature and Translation. Analysing interview data allowed me to capture the viewpoints of participants with respect to how they perceived their problems in L2 oral communication. The findings challenge stereotypes about lack of language knowledge always being responsible for oral problem in L2 communication. I conclude that oral problems are also mediated by participants’ construction of self, others and by the context of L2 communication. Keywords: Oral communication problems; Learners’ perception; Persian English-Speakers; Social construction; EFL Context

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