Narrative Discourse Construction in Thomas Hardy’s Novels

Lingling LI


The study is designed to concentrate on the narrative discourse construction in Thomas Hardy’s novels, based on close reading and textual analysis of the related works. Hardy ingeniously manipulates diverse discourse patterns merging the epistolary construction and dramatic presentation into his fiction. Epistolary construction enables Hardy to create intimacy between his characters and the readers, while dialogic structuring and dramatic monologue are applied to psychological description and analysis. It is concluded that both in time span and narrative discourse Hardy transcends the 19th century Victorian norms. In this sense, Hardy may be also acknowledged as a modernist writer for his proficiency in the manipulation of polyphony in discourse construction.


Narrative discourse; Epistolary construction; Dramatic monologue; Dialogic structuring

Full Text:



Abbott, P. (2007). The Cambridge campanion to narrative. Beijing: Peking University Press.

Abrams, M. H. (2004). A glossary of literary terms (7th ed., p.63). Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

Allot, M. (Ed.). (1959). Novelists on the novel (pp.259-260). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Atkins, D., & Morrow, L. (1989). “Dialogic criticism,” contemporary literary theory (pp.223-224). London: Macmillan.

Bakhtin, M. (1984). Problems of Dostoevsky’s poetics (theory and history of literature; v. 8) (E. Caryl, Trans.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Bakhtin, M. M. (1981). The dialogic imagination: Four essays (C. Emerson & M. Holquist, Trans.). In M. Holquist (Ed.). Austin and London: University of Texas Press.

Barbauld, A. (1959). “A biological account of Samuel Richardson” 1804.

Guerin, W. (1999). A handbook of critical approaches to literature (p.351). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hardy, T. (1991). Jude the obscure. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Harve, G. (2003). The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy. London and New York: Routledge.

Kauffman, L. S. (1986). Discourse of desire: Gender, genre, and epistolary fictions. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Kramer, D. (1991). Critical approaches of the fiction of Thomas Hardy. Macmillan Press LTD.

Lasgelles A. (1993). Thomas Hardy: A critical study. New York: Mitchell Kennerley Mcmxii.

Lawrence, D. H. (1985). Study of Thomas Hardy and other essays. In B. Steele (Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lubbock, P. (1921). The craft of fiction. London: Cape.

Martin, W. (2006). Recent theories of narrative (p.129). Beijing: Peking University Press.

Merryn, M. (2005). A preface to Hardy (p.98). Beijing: Peking University Press.

Rosemary, S. (1981). Thomas Hardy: Psychological novelist. London: Macmillan Press.

Rosemary, S. (2000). A route to modernism: Hardy, Lawrence, Woolf. London: Macmillan Press.

Schorer, M. (1961). Modern British fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Warren, J. (1922). The technique of Thomas Hardy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Woolf, V. (1938). The novels of Thomas Hardy. The Common Reader. London: The Hogarth Press.

Zhu, G. (2001). Twentieth century western critical theories. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Studies in Literature and Language

Share us to:   


Online Submission


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture