Viciousness: The Image of Snake in Bay of Souls

Wenyu GAO, Tianjiao ZHANG


The use of animal images is an important aspect of Stone’s writing art in Bay of Souls because he takes it as a carrier to depict different kinds of people in contemporary American society. Stone has revealed his worry about Lara by using the image of snake. Although Lara is put in the negative position by Stone, Stone did not give up the hope on her. Lara, a poor fellow, suffers from the loss of soul and plays a role of Muppets. Lara does not know why she struggles or for whom she struggles. The seemingly glamorous identity can not cover the fact that she is still a humble person hijacked and taken advantage of.


Robert stone; Bay of Souls; Animal images; Metaphor; Reality

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