A Cognitive Analysis of Hedges in Teacher Talk

Xiaoting LI


Teacher talk considerably contributes to teacher-student interaction which is a major medium of classroom exchange and the adoption of hedges in teacher talk can lead to their negotiation of meaning and be the samples for students to learn a second language. The paper is intended to approach the linguistic phenomenon concerning the application and construal of hedges in teacher talk of the classroom context from the perspective of prototype theory in order to reveal the enlightenment and significance of hedges application in second language learning.


Hedges; Prototype theory; Teacher talk; Negotiation of meaning

Full Text:



Channell, J. (1994). Vague language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Deese, J. (1974). Towards a psychological theory of the meaning of sentences. In A. Silverstein (Ed.), Human Communication: Theoretical explorations. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Jiang, J. Y. (2006). Communicative activities in EFL classrooms. Hangzhou:Zhejiang University Press.

Lakoff, G. (1972). Hedges: A study in meaning criteria and the logic of fuzzy concepts. Papers presented at the eighth regional meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Chicago.

Pica, T. (1987). Second language acquisition, social interaction and the classroom, Applied Linguistics 8 (1).

Prince, E. F., Frader, J., & Bosk, C. (1982). On hedging in physician-physician discourse. In R. J. Pietro (Ed.), Linguistics and the Professions. Norwood: Ablex.

Rosch, E. (1973). On the internal structure of perceptual and semantic categories. In T. E. Moore (Ed.), Cognitive development and the acquisition of language. New York: Academic Press.

Rosch, E. (1978). Principles of categorization. In E. Rosch and B. Lloyd (Eds.), Cognition and categorization. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Taylor, J. R. (2001). Linguistic categorization: Prototypes in linguistic theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ungerer, F., & Schmid, H. J. (1996). An introduction to cognitive linguistics. Addison Wesley Longman.

Wu, S. X., & Chen, W. Z. (2001). Retrospect of and prospect for fuzzy linguistics research. Foreign Language Teaching and Research, (1), 7-14.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/7766


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Studies in Literature and Language

Share us to:   


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture