A Contrastive Study in American and Japanese Addressing Strategies From the Perspective of Power and Solidarity

Junying KANG

Abstract


Addresses play an important role in human communication, the choice of which are universally determined by various contextual factors such as power, solidarity, distance, face and politeness, etc. but due to the different perceptions of these factors, addressing strategies vary from one culture to another. A contrastive study in American and Japanese addressing patterns within the framework of power and solidarity reveals that differences between the two addressing systems mainly occur in two aspects: the use of T and V address forms and the linguistic treatment for in-group and out-group members in terms of addresses. It is pointed out that the choice of address involves not only the consideration of the discrepancy among the politeness models and language practices, but also the knowledge of the cultural expectation and requirement of different cultures.

Keywords


power and solidarity; in-and-out group distinction; T and V address forms; face and politeness strategies

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/n

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