Conceptualization of Assessment as a Formative System in Teaching and Learning: A Cybernetic Model

Yaping CHEN, Rongping CAO

Abstract


A cybernetic model of assessment and learning is proposed. The basic proposition is that all assessment could be viewed as formative in learning, which has two implications: 1) assessment is a complex subsystem of learning, which is also a complex system by itself, as articulated in cybernetics; 2) this assessment subsystem has a formative nature in that regardless of its forms and approaches, it controls or regulates the learner’s learning by influencing his/her decision-making in learn recognition of assessment as a controlling or modeling system in learning may also help clarify the relationships between assessment and other subsystems in learning.

Keywords


Assessment; Formative; Cybernetics; Control system; China’s EFL teaching and learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beer, S. (1967). Cybernetics and Management. London: The English Universities Press LTD.

Cao, R. (2012). Towards a Re-conceptualization of Formative assessment. Beijing: Peking University Press.

Cao, R., & Chen, Y. (2013). Formative assessment in Chinese tertiary English interpretation courses: Cross-cases action research,Chinese Translators Journal, (1), 45-50.

Cao, R., Zhang, W., & Zhou, Y. (2004). Implementation of formative evaluation in a Chinese EFL writing course for non-language majors. Foreign Language Teaching, (5), 82-87.

Glasersfeld, E. (1995). Radical constructivism: A way of knowing and learning. London: The Falmer Press.

Heylighen, F. & Joslyn, C. (2001). Cybernetics and Second-Order Cybernetics. In: R. A. Meyers (Ed.), Encyclopedia of physical science & technology (3rd ed., pp.155-170), New York: Academic Press.

Kluger, A. N., & DeNisi, A. (1996). The effects of feedback interventions on performance: A historical review, a meta-analysis, and a preliminary feedback intervention theory. Psychological Bulletin, 119(2), 254-284.

Pask, G. (1961/1968). An approach to cybernetics. London: Hutchinson & Co (Publishers) LTD.

Pask, G. (1996). heinz von foerster’s self-organisation, the progenitor of conversation and interaction theories. Systems Research, 13(3), 349–362.

Ramaprasad, A. (1983). On the definition of feedback. Behavioral Science, 28, 4-13.

Rapoport, A. (1968). Foreword. In W. Buckley (Ed.), Modern systems research for behavioral scientist (pp.xiii-xxii). Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.

Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Wiener, N. (1948). Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine. New York: John Wiley.

Wiener, N. (1950/1954). The human use of human beings: Cybernetics and society. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday Anchor.

Wiliam, D. (2012). Preface. In R. Cao (Ed.), Towards a re-conceptualization of formative assessment (p.1). Beijing: Peking University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/n

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Share us to:   


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 STUDIES IN LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture