Differential Effect of Role Play Method and School Location on Senior Secondary School Students’ English Language Skills Acquisition in Awka Education Zone

Victoria Chidiebele Udenwa, Lilian-Rita Akudolu


Skill acquisition is an essential requirement for successful living and survival in the ever growing world of technological changes. It is a sine qua non in education; but majority of secondary school students do not have much practice in the classroom and this affects their acquisition of the language skills that lay the foundation for good education and effective socialization. The quest and concern to ameliorate the situation prompted this study to examine the differential effect of role play method and school location on secondary school students English language skills’ acquisition. Two research questions and two hypotheses were used in the study. Quasi experimental involving 2x2 factorial designs was employed. Sample consists of 180 students drawn from 4,024 SS2 students in the 62 public secondary schools in the Zone using multi-stage sampling. English Language Skills Acquisition Test (ELSAT) validated by education experts and found reliable using Kendal-W for essay/letter writing type questions and Cronbach Alpha for multiple choice and oral/speaking questions was used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for research questions and ANCOVA for hypotheses testing. The findings revealed among others that students in experimental group acquired the language skills more than those in the control group. The findings further indicated that students in both urban and rural schools in the experimental group had great improvement in their language skills acquisition though the students in the urban schools outperformed those in the rural schools after the experiment. This showed that school location is a significant factor in students’ acquisition of English language skills when role play method is used.



Language; Skills acquisition; Role play; School location; Traditional lecture method

Full Text:



Abamba, I. (2020). The effects of school location on students’ academic achievement in senior secondary physics based on the 5E learning cycle in Delta state, Nigeria. LUMAT General Issue, 9(1), 56-76. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.31129/LUMAT.9.1.1371.

Afdillah, N. M. (2015). The effectiveness of role play in teaching speaking. (Master dissertation). Department of English Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers’ Training, Hidayatullah State Islami: University, Jarkata. Retrieved from https://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/handle/123456789/26710.

Akinyele, O. A. (2011). Gender differences and school location factors as correlate of secondary school students’ achievement in Physics. The 2011 Maui International Academic Conference, Maui Hawaii, USA 2011.

Akogwu, A. C (2020). Location as a factor on students’ achievement in English language essay writing in senior secondary school using constructvist-based instructional methods (CBIM). RA GLOBAL PUBLICATION. Retrieved from https://raglobalpublications.

Altun, M. (2015). Using role-play activities to develop speaking skills: A case study in the language classroom. Paper given at a conference held on April 26-27, 2015 in Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq, In book of Proceedings, 354.

Associated Crawford, J. (2014). Educating English learners: Language diversity in the classroom. Los Angeles: Bilingual Education Services Inc.

Bhartacharjee, S. (2014). Effectiveness of role-playing as a pedagogical approach in construction education. 50th Annual International Conference Proceedings.

Binta, C. (2012). Effectiveness of role play technique in teaching dialogue in Durga private secondary school, Rajbiraj. Unpublished Masters’ Thesis, Department of English Education, Faculty of Education,Tribhuvan University, KIrtipur, Kathmandu. BINUS University (2018). The four speaking skills. Retrieved from https://english.binus.ac.id.

Crawford, J. (2014). Educating English learners: Language diversity in the classroom. Los Angeles: Bilingual Education Services Inc.

Dwi, L. (2014). The effectiveness of using secret message came in teaching reading Comprehension of the eighth grade students at SMPN 2 Gondang in the academic year- 2013-2014. In Skripsi Pendidikan Bahsa Inggris. Tulugagung. Retrieved from http://lib.stkippgritulugung.ac.id/halamansiswa.

Educational Testing Service (2020). Why is it important to learn English. ETS GLOBAL. Retrieved from https//www.estglobal.org.news.

Esmail, Z., Amin, S., & Parivash, Z. (2017). The effect of role-playing task on improving speaking ability of Iranian pre-intermediate ESP Learners. Iranian Journal of English for Academic Purposes, IJEAP-1804-1203.

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2013). National policy on education. Lagos: NERDC Press.

Gwaza , A. A. (2020). The effects of school location on students’ performance in essay writing in senior secondary schools in Katsina-Ala Local Government Area, Benue State. Katsina-Ala Multi-disciplinary Journal, 2(5).

Hidayati, L., & Pardjono, P. (2018). The implementation of role play in education of pre- service vocational teacher. IOP Conference Series. Materials Science and Engineering, 296, 012016. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1088/1757.899x/296/1/012016

Ikwuka, O. I. (2016). Language teaching for teachers and students. Awka: Ifevic Publishers.

Islam, P., & Islam, T. (2012). Effectiveness of role play in enhancing the speaking skills of the learners in a large classroom: an investigation of tertiary level students. Stanford Journal of English, 7(1), 218-233. Retrieved from https://www.banglojol.info

Isukpa, M. E. (2014). Effect of role play method on students’ academic achievement and interest in Christian Religious Studies in senior secondary schools in Ebonyi Central Education Zone of Ebonyi State. (Unpublished Masters Thesis). Department of Arts Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Keshta, A. S. (2013). Using educational drama and role-playing teaching English in Gaza Governorate. Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning (ISSN: 2321-2454), 1(1). Retrieved from Https://www.ajournalonline.com.

Krebt, D. M. (2017). The effectiveness of role techniques in teaching speaking for ESL learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 8(5), 863-870. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1750/jltr.0805.04.

Neupane, B. C. (2019). Effectiveness of role play in improving speaking skill. Journal of NELTA (JONG), 1, 11-18. ISSN 2671041 (print). Retrieved from https:www.nepjol.info<jong

Okari, F. M. (2016). The writing skill in contemporary society: the Keyan perspective. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(35), 65-69. ISSN-2222-1735

Puyate, T. S., & Emeli, E. (2017). Role playing teaching strategies and its effect on academic achievement of students in learning simple blue print reading. International Journal of Innovative Social Science Education Research, 5(4), 50-55, SEAHI PUBLICATIONS, Retrieved from www.seahipaj.org. ISSN: 2360-8978.

Rashid, S., & Qaisar, S. (2012). Role-play: A productive teaching strategy to promote critical thinking. Bulletin of Education and Research, 39(2), 197-2139/ijels.664.196.

Seli, F. Y. (2019). The effect of role play and self-confidence on English speaking skills. Retrieved from http://repository.uinjkt.ac.id.

Sevik, M. (2012). Teaching listening skill to young learners through “listen and do” songs. English Teaching Forum, 3, 10-17.

Sidmach Technologies Nigeria Limited. (2021). Summary of WAEC Chief Exaiminer’s Report – 2016-2019. 44****(216). Software Company Block J CBD Ikeja, Lagos.

Wandera, S. (2012). Effectiveness of teaching methods in English language on acquisition of English language skills in public secondary schools in Nairobi County, Kenya. (Unpublished masters’ thesis). Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Nairobi.

West African Examination Council. Chief examiner’s report and WASSCE result (2016- 2020). Plot 18, 18, 20, Ijaye, Road, Ogba Estate, Ikeja: Lagos State.

Yadikar, K. (2004). Effects of activities based on role-play on ninth grade students’ achievement and attitudes towards simple electric circuits. (Unpublished masters’ thesis). Graduate school of Natural and Applied Sciences. Middle East Technical University.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/12534


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Obiageli Ifeoma Ikwuka

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


Online Submissionhttp://cscanada.org/index.php/sll/submission/wizard


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture