Assessing Professionalism in Teaching: The Secondary Education Perspective in Cross River State, Nigeria
The study examined whether or not teaching is a full profession. It also determined the relationship between professionalism in teaching and teaching effectiveness at the secondary education level in Cross River State, Nigeria. A sample of 850 educators (844 teachers, 3 staff of Teachers’ Registration Council of Nigeria and 3 heads of inspectors of schools) was selected through stratified random sampling, judgemental and wholistic techniques respectively. A 20-item researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. Survey design was adopted. Test statistics adopted for data analysis were frequency, weighted mean and standard deviation. A mean score of 2.00 and above formed the significant/acceptance level. It was found that teaching is a profession but not in its fullest sense, and that there is a strong and positive relationship between professionalism in teaching and teaching effectiveness in the study area. It was recommended that licensing should be an essential pre-requisite for entry into teaching; a uniform and lengthy training period should be maintained in all teacher training institutions and be followed by inductive training. There should be strict enforcement of Education Act 31 of 1993; and more awareness be created among teachers that professionalism in teaching is essential in their career and depends partly on them.
Boyer, E. (1990). Teaching in America. In M. Kysilka (Ed.), Honour in teaching: Reflections. West Lafayette, W: Kappa Delta P.
Corwin, R. G. (1965). Sociology of education. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Cross River State Secondary Education Board. (2012). School statistics (Unpublished data). Calabar PRS Department SEB.
Duke, D. L. (1984). Teaching: The imperiled profession. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.
Ereh, C. E., & Ina, O. U. (2007). Professionalization of teaching for quality education in the 21st Century Nigeria. In N. E. Etuk, I. M. Udofot & A. E. Udosen (Eds.), Education in Nigeria in the 21st century: Focus and imperatives―A festschrift in honour of professor Mbong A. Udofot.
Etzioni, A. (1969). The semi professions and their organizations: Teachers, nurses and social workers. New York: Free Press.
Federal Ministry of Education. (2004). National policy on education. Abuja: NERDC Press.
Federal Ministry of Education. (2008). Teachers’ Registration Council of Nigeria. Garki, Abuja. Retrieved from http://www.trnch.gov.org
Federal Ministry of Education. (2010). Teachers’ Registration Council of Nigeria. Garki: Abuja. Retrieved from http://www.trcn.gov.org
Federal Ministry of Education. (2010). TRCN: Professional standards for Nigerian teachers. Garki, Abuja. Retrieved from http://www.trcn.gov.org
Freedman, S., Jackson, J., & Botes, K. (1983). Teaching: An imperiled profession. In Shulman and G. Sykes (Eds), Handbook of teaching and policy. New York: Longman.
Friedson, E. (1984). The changing nature of professional control. Annual Review of Sociology, 10, 1-20.
Goodlad, J. (1983, Spring). Teaching: An endangered profession. Teachers’ Colleges Record, 575-578.
Goodlad, J. (1990). Teachers for our nation’s schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Howsam, R. B. et al. (2006). Educating a profession. In A. C. Ornstein & D. U. Levine (Eds.), Foundations of education (9th ed). Boston & New York: Houghton.
Lee, N. (2009). Achieving your professional doctorate: A handbook. McGraw Hill: Open University Press.
Louis, K. S., & Smith, B. A. (1990). Teachers’ work: Current issues and prospects for reform. In P. Reyers (Ed.), Productivity and performance in educational organizations (pp.23-47). Newbury Park: Sage.
Mattingly, P. H. (1975). The classless profession. New York: New York University Press.
Obanya, P. (2004). The dilemma of education in Africa. Nigeria: Heinemann Educational Books (Nig).
Ornstein, A. C., & Levine, D. U. (2006). Foundations of education (9th ed.). Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Owen, N. O. (2012). Teacher: You can be better―A guide to teacher effectiveness (1st ed.). Calabar: Clearline Publications.
Parkay, F. W., & Stanford, B. H. (2004). Becoming a teacher (6th ed). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Powell, A. G. (1980). The uncertain profession: Harvard and the search for educational authority. Cambridge, M.A.: Harvard University Press.
Quinn, R. E., & Rohrbaugh, J. (1983). Spatial model of effectiveness criteria towards a competing values approach to organizational analysis. Management Science, 29, 363-377.
Rosenholtz, S. J. (1989). Teachers’ workplace: The social organization of schools. New York: Longman.
Scheerens, J. (2000). School effectiveness fundamentals of educational planning (Series No. 68). United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Sykes, G. (1983, October). Contradictions, ironies and promises unfulfilled. A contemporary account of the status of teaching (pp.87-93). Phi Delta Kappa.
Udofot, M. A. (2005). Teacher education for qualitative Nigerian educational system. (Unpublished inaugural lecture delivered at the University of Uyo, Uyo).
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)/ International Labour Organization (ILO). (1984). In Federal Ministry of Education (2010) TRCN–PSNT. Garki: Abuja.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138