Parliamentary By-Election in Bangladesh: The Study of Bhola-3 Constituency
This analytical study based on the secondary sources examines the nature of the by-election in the Bhola-3 constituency held on April 24, 2010. The ruling party Awami League (AL) took this by-election as a prestige issue and chance for a renewed mandate in favour of the Hasina government, while the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party’s (BNP) plan was to create an issue by saying that the by-election was rigged. The Election Commission (EC) and the ruling party clamed that the poll was free and fair, while the BNP rejected the electoral outcome for widespread corruption. The analysis shows that the election was not free, fair and peaceful and the role of EC was controversial. The EC didn’t deploy the army, although BNP demanded this several times to maintain law and order. Moreover, the EC didn’t take any action against the violation of electoral laws by the ruling party’s candidate. Widely shared anecdotal evidence of voter intimidation and physical violence besmirched the election.
Key words: By-election; AL; BNP; Election Commission
Ahmed, F. (1998). The Caretakers: A First Hand Account of the Interim Government of Bangladesh (1990-91). Dhaka: University Press Limited.
Ahmed, M. (2003). South Asia: Crisis of Development. Dhaka: University Press Limited.
Akhter, M. Y. (2009). Peculiar Government: An Exceptional Election. Dhaka: AH Development Publishing House.
Ali, R. (1996). Representative Democracy and Concept of Free and Fair Elections. New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications.
Baxter, C., & Rahman, S. (1991). Bangladesh Votes-1991: Building Democratic Institutions. Asian Survey, 31(8), 683-693.
Baxter, C., & Rashiduzzaman, M. (1981). Bangladesh Votes: 1978 and 1979. Asian Survey, 21(4), 485-500.
Boruah, C. N. (1998). Assamese Response to Regionalism: A Study Based on the 1985 and the 1991 Elections. Working of Parliamentary Democracy and Electoral Politics in Northeast India. New Delhi: South Asian Publishers.
Gain, P. (1995). General Elections in Bangladesh. Handbook on Election Reporting. Dhaka: SEHD.
Hakim, M. A. (1991). The 1991 Parliamentary Elections in Bangladesh: A Review. Politics, Administration and Change, 17, 24-38.
Hakim, M. A. (1994). The Mirpur Parliamentary By-Election in Bangladesh. Asian Survey, 34(8), 738-747.
Huque, A. S., & Hakim, M. A. (1993). Elections in Bangladesh: Tools of Legitimacy. Asian Affairs, 19(4), 248-261.
Husain, S. A. (2003). Bangladesh National Scenario Foreign Policy and SAARC. Dhaka: Agamee Prakashani.
Islam, M. S. (2006). Constitutional Amendments in Bangladesh: A Review. The Chittagong University Journal of Social Sciences, XXIV(2), 297-322.
Jahan, R. (1980). The 1973 National Election in Bangladesh: An Analysis of Partisanship in Two Constituencies. Bangladesh Politics: Problems and Issues. Dhaka: University Press Limited.
Kadir, F. (1991). The 1991 Parliamentary Election: An Overview. Human Development Journal, 3(4), 49-62.
Khan, M. M., & Zafarullah, H. M. (1979). The 1979 Parliamentary Elections in Bangladesh. Asian Survey, XIX(10), 1023-1043.
Kibria, S. (2010). Nirbachon Ake Ashonka Onake. Shaptahik, 2(48), 13-14.
Mashreque, M. S., & Rashid, M. A. (1995). Parliamentary By-election in Bangladesh: The Study of Magura-2 Constituency. Asian Profile, 23(1), 67-79.
Mizi, M. A. H. (2004). Parliamentary Elections in Bangladesh Under Non-Party Caretaker Governments. Asian Profile, 32(5), 461-473.
Mughan, A. (1986). Toward a Political Explanation of Government Vote Losses in Midterm By-elections. The American Political Science Review, 80(3).
Rahman, S. M. (2010). Bhola Niae Dui Dali Athobhola. Saptahik Robbar, 32(7).
Razi, S. M. (2005a). The 1996 Parliamentary Election and Results: A Comparative Analysis Between Bangladesh Awami League and Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Social Science Journal, 10, 21-37.
Razi, S. M. (2005b). The Participation and Results of Bangladesh Awami League and Bangladesh Nationalist Party in 8th Parliamentary Election: A Comparative Overview. Social Science Journal, 11, 35-54.
Zafarullah, H., & Akhter, M. Y. (2000). Caretaker Administrations and Democratic Elections in Bangladesh: An Assessment. Government and Opposition, 35(3), 345-369.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138