The Pre-reform Conundrum of the Gambia Public Higher Education System: A Quantitative Examination

Yusupha Touray, Ayo Adesopo

Abstract


This study examined the Gambia public higher education system in the period before the 2018 higher education reform, as referenced in the National Development Plan 2018-2021. The study relied on a sample size of 239 staff members out of the target population of 391 staff members of the four subvented public tertiary and higher education institutions in The Gambia, the Ministry of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology and the National Accreditation and Quality Assurance Authority. Using both descriptive and inferential statistics in the analyses, findings revealed poor performance of all the sampled institutions in relation to governance, staffing, instructional quality and relevance, research and development and financing.


Keywords


National development; Higher education reform; Human capital formation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Becker, G. S. (1992). The economic way of looking at life. IL. 60637. Chicago, USA: Department of Economics, University of Chicago.

Bloom, D., Canning, D., & Chan, K. (2005). Higher education and economic development in Africa. Retrieved in September 2010 from: http://www.gulf.aau.org/wghe/publications/HE&Economic_Growth_in_Africa.pdf .

Carnoy, M. (1999). Globalisation and educational reform: What planners need to know. Paris: UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning.

Carnoy, M. (2006). Higher education and economic development: India, China and the 21st Century. The Pan Asia Conference: Focus on Economic Challenges. Stanford Center for International Development. Working Paper N. 297. Stanford University, 31, 2006.

Chakroun. B., Holmes, K. P., & Marope, P. T. M. (2015). Unleashing the potential: Transforming technical and vocational education and training. Paris: UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning.

Department of State for Finance and Economic Affairs. (2006). Poverty reduction strategy paper 2007-2011. Banjul, The Gambia. Department of State for Finance and Economic Affairs.

Eakin, H., Eriksen, S., Eikeland, P. O., & Øyen, C. (2011). Public sector reform and governance for Adaptation: Implications of new public management for Adaptive capacity in Mexico and Norway. Environmental Management, 47, (3), 338-351.

Foxley, A., & Sossdorf, F. (2011). Making the transition from middle income to advanced economies. International Economics. Washington D.C: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Gintis, H., & Bowles, S. (1975). The problem with human capital: A Marxian critique. The American Economic Review, 65(2), 74-82.

Glennie, J. (2011). The role of Aid to middle income countries: A contribution to evolving EU development policy. Working Paper 331. London, UK: Overseas Development Institute European Development Cooperation Strengthening Programme.

Government of the Gambia (1996). Vision 2020, The Gambia incorporated. Banjul: Government of the Gambia.

Government of the Gambia (2011). Programmes for accelerated growth and employment 2012-2015. Banjul: Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs.

Government of the Gambia (2011). The Gambia education country status report. Banjul: Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education.

Government of the Gambia (2016). The Gambia education sector policy, 2016-2030. Banjul: Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education.

Government of the Gambia (2017). National development plan 2018-2021. Banjul: Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs.

Hernes, G., & Martin, M. (2000). Management of university-industry linkages: Results from the policy forum held at the IIEP Paris, 1-2 June 2000. Paris: UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning.

Joshi, A., & Carter, B. (2015). Public sector institutional reform: Topic guide. Birmingham, UK: GSDRC, University of Birmingham.

Lammersen, F., & Roberts, M. (2015). Aids for trade 10 years on: Keeping it effective, OECD Development Policy Papers. Paris, France: OECD Publishing.

Livingstone, D. W. (1997). The Limits of human capital theory: Expanding knowledge, informal learning and underemployment. Policy Options, 18(6), 9-13.

Marshall, R. (2005). Labour standards, human capital, and economic development. Working Paper, 271. Washington D.C. US: Economic Policy Institute.

Nielsen, L. (2011). Classifications of countries based on their level of development: How it is done and how it could be done. Strategy, Policy, and Review. IMF Working Paper/11/31.

Okemakinde, T., & Olaniyan, D. A. (2008). Human capital theory: Implications for educational development. European Journal of Scientific Research, 24(2), 157-162.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2012). Approaches to measuring the stock of human capital: A Review of Country Practices. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Renard, R., & Verbeke, K. (2011). Development cooperation with middle income countries. Development Policy and Management. IOB Working Papers. Antwerp, Belgium: University of Antwerp, Institute of Development Policy.

Varghese, N. V. (March 2009). Globalisation, economic crisis and national strategies for higher education development. Paris: UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning.

Varghese, N. V., & Martin, M. (2014). Governance reforms in higher education: A study of institutional autonomy in Asian countries. Paris, France: UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning.

Vogler, Jan P. (2019). The entanglement of public bureaucratic institutions: Their interactions with society, culture, politics, and the economy (pp.99-129) (D. J. Boudreaux, C. J. Coyne, & B. Herzberg, Eds.).

Woldegiyorgis, A. A. (2014). New public management in higher education: International overview and analysis. Danube, Austria: Danube University Krems.

World Bank (1994). Higher education: The lessons of experience. Development in Practice. Washington D.C. US: World Bank.

World Economic Forum (2010). The global competitiveness report 2010–2011. Geneva, Switzerland: World Economic Forum.

Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics: An introductory analysis (2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/12463

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Ayo Ariyo Adesopo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; hess@cscanada.net; hess@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Higher Education of Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

HIGHER EDUCATION OF SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcaooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures