Zhu Xi’s Method of Phonetic Annotation in Ancient Chinese Books



Zhu Xi is not only a master of Confucianism, but also has made great achievements in exegesis. By studying Zhu Xi’s exegetical thoughts and methods in the practice of exegesis, we can correctly evaluate Zhu Xi’s historical position in the history of Chinese exegesis.
This article discusses Zhu Xi’s methods of phonetic annotation, including Zhi Yin (direct sound), Bi Kuang (comparison), Fan Qie (recomposition), Bie Si Sheng and Biao Ru Zi (four tones) and Xie Yin (rhyme) in exegesis of ancient books. These annotations retain the actual phonetics of the Song Dynasty and are very important for studies of Chinese phonetics history.


Zhu Xi; Exegesis; Ancient Chinese books; Phonetic annotation

Full Text:



[Song Dynasty] Zhu, Xi. (1979). Chu Ci Ji Zhu. Shanghai: Shanghai Classics Publishing House.

[Song Dynasty] Zhu, Xi. (1958). Shi Ji Zhuan. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.

[Song Dynasty] Zhu, Xi. (1983). Si Shu Zhang Ju Ji Zhu. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.

[Song Dynasty] Zhu, Xi. (2009). Zhou Yi Ben Yi. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/11949


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