Civilizational Spread and Ethnic Fusion: Analysis of the Impact of Bureaucratization of Native Officers in Guizhou Region During Ming and Qing Dynasties

Mengmei JIANG, Chengbin LUAN

Abstract


Bureaucratization of native officers is a major event in the history of Guizhou region, which went through the Ming and Qing dynasties. In fact, this process is also a province establishing process during which the civilizations of central plains and minority groups interacted and fused together, and the territory of Guizhou province was gradually settled. Bureaucratization of native officers in Guizhou is a systematic project which replaced the economic bases under different social systems in Guizhou with the advanced economic production relations under feudal landlord system in central plains using politics and military as the intervention precursor, economy and commerce as the penetration means, and cultural and educational integration as the auxiliary strategy. Bureaucratization of native officers significantly impacted Guizhou region’s politics, ethnology, culture, economy and ecology. The purpose of this powerful top-down, center-periphery spread and dissemination of Han civilization to Guizhou region is the assimilation of civilization and the construction of a unified multi-ethnic country. It is exactly during the dynamic exchange, struggle and fusion between the Han civilization, which is representative of central dynasty, and Guizhou’s local civilization that the unity in diversity ethnic structure is able to be achieved, and a uniform centripetal force is able to be formed.


Keywords


bureaucratization of native officers; ethnic fusion; civilizational spread

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2F4228

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