The Confucian Value of Harmony and its Influence on Chinese Social Interaction

Xiaohong WEI, Qingyuan LI

Abstract


As the cardinal cultural value in Chinese society, the Confucian harmony presupposes the coexistence of different things and implies a certain favorable relationship among them. In social interaction, Confucianism puts weight on “harmony but not sameness”, “harmony without mindlessly following others” and “harmonization of various kinds of people by observing rituals of propriety”, under the influence of which Chinese interpersonal relationships are characterized by emphasis on group orientation, the Doctrine of the Mean, giving or making face for others, guanxi (social connections), and reciprocity.


Keywords


Confucianism, Harmony, Influence, Social Interaction

References


Ames, T. Roger & Rosemont, Henry, Jr. (1999). The Analects of Confucius—A Philosophical Translation. New York: Ballantine Books.Barlow, Tani E. & Lowe, Donald M.. (1982). Teaching China’s Lost Generation: Foreign Experts in the People’s Republic of China. San Francisco: China Books and Periodicals, Inc.(pp. 104).CHAN, Wing-Tsit (1963). transl. Zhongyong [The Doctrine of the Mean] A Sourcebook in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University.CHAN, Alan K. L. ed.. (2002). Mencius: Contexts and Interpretations. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.CHEN, Guo-Ming & Williams J. Starosta (1997). A review of the concept of intercultural sensitivity. Human Communication, (1), 1-16.CHEN, Guo-Ming (2001). Toward transcultural understanding: A harmony theory of Chinese communication. In Transcultural realities: Interdisciplinary perspectives on cross-cultural relations, ed. V. H. Milhouse, M. K. Asante, and P. O. Nwosu, (pp.55-70). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CHEN, Guo-Ming, & MA, Ringo (2002). Chinese Conflict Management and Resolution: Advances in Communication and Culture. Westport: Ablex Pub.CHENG, Chung-ying (1991). New Dimensions of Confucian and Neo-Confucian Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp187.Fehr, Ernst; and Gächter, Simon (2000). Fairness and Retaliation: The Economics of Reciprocity. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14 (3), 159–181.GAO, Ge & Stella, Ting-Tommey. (1998). Communicating Effectively with the Chinese. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.Goffman, Erving. (1955). On Face-Work. Psychiatry, (18), 213.HU, Wenzhong et al. (2010). Encountering the Chinese—A Modern Country, An Ancient Culture (3rd ed.). Boston: Intercultural Press, Inc.. HUANG, Lili. (2006). Interpersonal Harmony and Conflict: Indigenous Theories and Research. Taibei: Yangzhi wenhua.HWANG Kwang-kuo. (1986). The Social Psychology of the Chinese people in the Psychology of the Chinese People edited by Michael Harris Bond. Hongkong: Oxford University Press, pp.223-226. JIA, Wenshan (1997). Facework as a Chinese conflict-preventive mechanism: A cultural/discourse analysis. Intercultural Communication Studies, (7), 43-61.LEI, Min (2011). Righteousness in Chinese and Western Culture: Rush Hour and Romance of Three Kingdoms. Cross-Cultural Communication, 7(4), 63-65.Leung, Kwok. (1988). Some determinants of conflict avoidance. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, (1), 125-36.Leung, Kwok, Tremain, Pamela, & LU, Lin (2002). A dualistic model of harmony and its implications for conflict management. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, (19), 201-20.LI, Chenyang (2006). The Confucian Ideal of Harmony. Philosophy East & West, 56(4), 583-603.Oort, H.A. Van (1960). Chinese Culture-Values, Past And Present. The Hague: Oost-West Institute.Schneider, Fred (1994). The Joy of Getting Along with the Chinese. Torrance: HEIAN International, Inc...Scollon, Ronald & Susan W. Scollon (1994). Intercultural Discourse. Oxford: Blackwell.Seligamn, D. Scott (1989). Dealing with the Chinese. New York: Warner Books, Inc..Thurston, Anne F. et al. (1994). China Bound—A Guide to Academic Life and Work in the PRC. Washington: National Academy Press.Thompson, Phyllis L ed.. (1998). Dear Alice Letters Home from American Teachers Learning to Live in China. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California.WANG, Mary Margret et al. (2000). Turning Bricks into Jade—Critical Incidents for Mutual Understanding among Chinese and Americans. Maine: Intercultural Press, Inc.Xunzi. http://www.tianyabook.com/xunzi/index.htmZhongyong. www.360doc.com/content/11/1008/20/0_154415476.shtmlZHU, Bo (2008). Chinese Cultural Values and Chinese Language Pedagogy (M.A.). Ohio State University and OhioLINK, http://etd.ohiolink.edu/view.cgi/zhu.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020130901.12018

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net; ccc@cscanada.net; ccc@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture (CAOOC)
Address:730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net