The Autonomy of Sentences with Substantive Predicates in Chinese



Sentences with substantive predicates (SSP), or nominal sentences as Otto Jespersen once called, are common in Chinese. Monographs and textbooks dealing with Chinese grammar have regarded SSP as an important grammatical item. But why can substantives act as predicate? Why cannot two substantives or nominal expressions in principle cannot appear freely in the same SSP. In other words, why is the word order relatively stable and cannot be altered? This paper is an attempt to expound and prove those issues, i.e. the autonomy of SSP. Key words: Substantive predicate; Autonomy; Substantives; NatureResumé: Les phrases avec des prédicats substantifs (PPS), ou les phrases nominales comme appelé une fois par Otto Jespersen, sont communes en chinois. Les monographies et des manuels qui traitent de la grammaire chinoise ont toujours considéré les PPS comme un élément grammatical important. Mais pourquoi les substantifs peuvent agir en tant que des prédicats? Pourquoi deux substantifs ou des expressions nominales ne peuvent pas, en principe, apparaître librement dans les mêmes PPS. En d'autres termes, pourquoi l'ordre des mots est relativement stable et ne peut pas être modifié? Cet article est une tentative d'exposer et de prouver tous ces problèmes, à savoir les problèmes de l'autonomie des PPS.Mots-clés: prédicats substantifs; autonomie; substantifs; nature

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