Forest Eco-ervironment Protecyion & Population Restriction

Cai-qin ZGANG

Abstract


Forest is a ecological system with multi-benefits.Since it plays a crucial part in global ecological safety and sustainable development of economic society and contributes great to human beings, forest should be emphasized, protected and developed. This passage analyses reasons why forest ecological environment in the west deteriorates, and points out that the major reason is that the need of providing against old age in the countryside leads to the excessively rapid increase of population which consequently result in overcultivation and overcut of forest. As for such cause, the passage put up ways of restraining further deterioration of ecological environment and specific counter measures of improving and constituting the ecological environment of forest in the west.
Key words: forest ecology, population
Résumé: La forêt est un système rentable. Il joue un rôle clé dans la sécurité écologique et le développement durable économique et social du monde et apporte de grandes contributions à l’humanité. Il faut la bien protéger et développer. L’article présent étudie les raisons de la dégradation de l’environnement écologique de la forêt, dont la principale est l’exploitation excessive de la forêt due à la croissance rapide de la population rurale. L’auteur propose encore des contre-mesures pour contenir la dégradation de l’environnement écologique, et des mesures concrètes visant à traiter et protéger l’environnement.
Mots-clés: environnement écologique de la forêt, contrôle de la population
摘要:森林是多效益的生態係統,其在全球生態安全和經濟社會可持續發展中起著關鍵性作用,對人類的貢獻巨大,應予以積極保護和發展。本文分析了森林生態環境惡化的原因,主要因素是農村養老需要導致人口過快增長從而引起過度農墾、樵採等;並且提出了抑制森林生態環境進一步惡化的對策,以及治理和建設森林生態環境的具體措施。
關鍵詞:森林生態環境;人口制約

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020070302.002

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