A Comparative Study on the Cognitive Schema of Spatial Conceptualization of UP-DOWN in Russian and Chinese

Hong-bo CHEN

Abstract


The cognitive schema is one of the topics in cognitive linguistics, and a cognitive pattern formed from the interaction between people and the outside world. Based on Lakoff’s cognitive schema theory, this paper compares the cognitive schema of spatial conceptualization of UP-DOWN in Russian and Chinese, and discusses the cognitive characteristics and meanings of the conceptualization of UP-DOWN by presenting the schemata in both the two languages. It proves that spatial conceptualization, as one of the basic experience of people, influences the structures and meanings of languages.
Key words: spatial conceptualization, UP, DOWN, cognitive schema
Résumé: Le modèle cognitif est une problématique de la linguistique cognitive et un moyen de cognition formé sur la base de l’interaction entre l’homme et le monde extérieur. Se référant à la théorie de George Lakoff, l’article présent compare les modèles russe et chinois sur la notion spatiale(avec l’exemple de « haut-bas »), examine les caractéristiques cognitives et le sens de la notion « haut-bas » dans les deux langues et les démontrent de façon graphique, pour prouver que la notion spatiale, comme une des expériences fondamentales de l’homme, influe la structure et le sens de la langue.
Mots-clés: notion spatiale, « haut », « bas », modèle cognitif
摘要:認知模式是認知語言學研究的課題之一,是人與外部世界在互動的基礎上形成的認知方式。本文以萊考夫認知模式的主要理論為依據,比較俄漢語空間概念(以“上——下”為例)的認知模式,討論“上——下”概念在兩種語言中衍生的認知特點和含義並用圖式表示出來,證明了作為人的基本經驗之一的空間概念影響著語言的結構和意義。
關鍵詞:空間概念;“上”;“下”;認知模式

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020070301.014

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