Contrast of Schema Model and Discourse Analysis Model in the Teaching of English Reading

Lan LI

Abstract


The traditional teaching practice of English reading in China put emphasis only on word-by-word explanation, syntax analysis and translation exercises. Nowadays, the two theories, the schema theory and the discourse analysis, have been introduced to our teaching practice of English reading. First, this paper gives a brief introduction to the two theories and their applications in the teaching practice of English reading. Then, it makes a contrast between the two theories and between their applications in the teaching practice of English reading. In conclusion, it points out the contribution of both theories made to the teaching practice of English reading and the advantages of discourse analysis over schema theory.
Key words: schema theory, discourse analysis, the teaching practice of English reading
Résumé: Par rapport à la pratique traditionnel qui n’attache de l’importance qu’à la l’interprétation littérale, l’analyse syntaxique et l’exercice de traduction, deux nouvelles théories sont introduites aujourd’hui dans l’enseignement de la lecture en anglais de notre pays, à savoir la théorie graphique et la théorie de l’analyse du discours. L’article présente d’abord ces deux théories et leur application à l’enseignement de l’anglais, compare et analyse ensuite les différences des deux modèles et enfin évalue sommairement les avantages et désavantages de leur application à l’enseignement de l’anglais.
Mots-clés: théorie graphique, analyse du discours, enseignement de la lecture en anglais
摘要:相對于傳統英語閱讀教學只重視逐字釋義、句法分析和翻譯練習的做法,如今我國英語閱讀教學新引進了兩個理論,即圖式理論和語篇分析理論。本文首先分別介紹了圖式理論和語篇分析理論及其在英語教學中的運用,然後從各方面對比分析了兩個模式的不同,最後簡要地評價了兩者在英語教學運用中的優劣。
關鍵詞:圖式理論;語篇分析;英語閱讀教學

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020070301.004

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