Yuan Dynasty Drama The Water Margin and its Early Development of Poetic Structure

Mao-xin CUI


In the development history of "The Water Margin" literature, the Yuan Dynasty poetic dramas turned the outer contradiction between "rebellion" and "loyalty" in Past Events of the Xuanhe Perid into Song Jiang's life experiences and character. The dramas expanded the plot and ideological implications creatively and abstracted the philosophical idea of "enforcing justice on behalf of Heaven", which embodied the political and cultural ideals of the lower class in the Yuan Dynasty. They owned a self-organized system in Chinese literature, occupied an important stage in the development of the poetic structure of The Water Margin.
Keywords: Poetic structure, Historical development, Enforcing justice on behalf of Heaven
Résumé Dans l’histoire de développement de la « culture au bord de l’eau », le théâtre synthétique des Yuans a représenté d’un côté la contradiction extérieure entre la rebellion et la loyauté dans les Histoires du règne Xuanhe par la vie, le sort et les caractères de Song Jiang, et de l’autre, a développé les images de Liang Shanbo et d’autres braves hommes par l’intrigue et la signification. En plus, il a dégagé la philosophie de « défendre la justice » qui reflète la pensée politique et culturelle du peuple de l’époque. Ce groupe des ouvrages est un phénomène culturel ayant leur propre système organisationnel dans la lignée culturelle de Chine et occupe une étape importante dans le développement diachronique de la structure poétique du roman Au bord de l’eau.
Mots-clés : structure poétique, développement diachronique, défendre la justice
摘 要 在“水滸文學”發育史上,元代水滸雜劇把《宣和遺事》“反叛”與“忠義”之間的外在矛盾對立內化為宋江的身世、行跡及性格特徵 , 對《宣和遺事》一帶而過的梁山泊及好漢群象從故事情節及思想意蘊方面做了創造性的拓展,還提煉出了“替天行道”這一體現元代下層民眾之政治文化理想的哲學理念,這一作品群是中國文學譜系當中一個有著自組織系統的文學現象,是《水滸傳》先在詩性結構歷時發育過程中有著特殊重要地位的階段。

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020060204.007


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