Training Requirement and Training Model Institution for Peasant Worker

Ping-qing LIU, Fang LIU

Abstract


Training for Peasant worker is other foreland task besides Peasant worker ‘s “grant issue in Downtown “ and “proper right issue”. Currently , It is major way that peasant worker ‘s employment base on their relationship network instead of getting relative Job information from government or social organization, besides that It is insufficient that enterprise provide training for peasant worker , that cannot fit into peasant worker ‘s needs under current status that Social Training Organization providing’s training are far behind peasant worker’s requirement. Peasant worker desire training subjectively ,but they are confused in the training content, In fact they are lack motivation to participant training , special on some Skill field of lower return and higher intensity. Based on the fact it is very difficult to set up training institution. It is key that setting up innovative training institution that converting peasant worker’s potential training desirability to reality. The key points of institution innovation should solve the following issues : Peasant worker should have rights working in downtown; Peasant worker can survive in downtown; Peasant worker can stay in downtown longer time. Converting from potential training desirability to reality will become true if we can help peasant worker eliminating visitor concept in their mind.
Key Words: peasant worker, training requirement, institution innovation
Résumé La formation de la main-d’oeuvre rurale constitue un nouveau problème après le problème de ‘‘accès en ville’’ et le problème de ‘‘sauvegarde des droits et intérêts’’ de la main-d’oeuvre rurale. A l’heure actuelle, ils choisissent le métier à l’aide d’un ‘‘réseau de relation’’ et ils obtiennent peu d’informations du gouvernement et des institutions sociales. En outre, dans le contexte de l’insuffisance de la formation de la main-oeuvre rurale offerte par les entreprises et le développement retardé des institutions de formation sociales convenant à la main-d’oeuvre rurale, ils aspirent subjectivement à la formation, mais ils apparaissent plutôt perplexes en ce qui concerne le contenu de la formation et manque de force motrice pour participer à la formation, ils se désintéressent surtour de la formation de technique à forte intensité de travail mais mal payée. Vu le manque de force motrice pour la formation, il est bien difficile d’établir le système de formation dans ce domaine. Il s’agit de l’innovation institutionnelle pour que la demande potentielle de la formation de la main-d’oeuvre rurale se transforme en demande réelle. La clé de l’innovation institutionnelle consiste à leur donner le droit d ‘‘entrer’’, ‘‘rester’’et ‘‘vivre’’en ville. L’élimination de la pensée de ‘‘hôte de passage’’ conduit forcément à la transformation de la demande.
Mots-clés: la main-d’oeuver rurale , la demande de la formation, l’innovation institutionnelle
摘 要 農民工培訓是繼農民工在城鎮“准入問題”以及“權益維護問題”之後的又一前沿課題。當前,農民工選擇職業主要借助“關係網絡”而較少從政府以及社會機構那裏獲得相關的資訊,加之在企業爲農民工提供培訓不足以及適合於農民工的社會培訓機構發育滯後的情況下,農民工主觀上渴求培訓,但他們在培訓內容上顯得有些迷茫,實際參與培訓的動力並不足,特別是對於勞動強度大、報酬不高的技能培訓興趣淡漠。在農民工缺乏培訓動力的情況下,相應的培訓體系是難以建立起來的。農民工培訓的潛在需求轉變爲現實需求在於制度創新。制度創新的著力點在於讓農民工在城市“進得來”、“留得下”、“住得久”。農民工“過客”心理的消除,必將帶來他們潛在培訓需求向現實需求的轉化。
關鍵詞:農民工;培訓需求;制度創新

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020050103.011

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