Influence of Cognitive Factors on the Process of Readers’ Reading Comprehension

Zhaowen SHEN


Reading comprehension, which is consistent with language comprehension and general comprehension, is a complicated psychological process. During reading, readers have to recognize words and understand sentences of the new reading materials to achieve comprehension. In order to comprehend the text completely and correctly, readers need to relate new information to the knowledge stored in their brains. Readers’ reading comprehension is influenced by many factors, such as readers’ intelligence, innate ability, psychical conditions, psychological factors and language basis. Cognition is a part of psychological activities and a rational thinking process in contrast to emotion, motivation and readers’ endurance. In this paper, the author will explore how cognitive factors influence readers’ reading comprehension on the basis of a case study. By the study, it’s proved that cognitive factors influence readers’ reading comprehension in two aspects, one is readers’ knowledge structure and the other is readers’ abilities structure.


Cognition; Reading comprehension; Knowledge structure; Abilities structure

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