Study on Dual-Track System of Chinese Land Ownership

Zhengquan LIU, Meirong LIANG


In China, there are two tracks in the system of land ownership which are respectfully adaptable for urban citizens and for rural farmers. The ownership of rural land belongs to the village whereas the ownership of urban land belongs to the state, the government, in a sense. Therefore, based on the double-track system the land in urban can be sold to anyone for use but the land in the village can only be sold to the villagers, that means, the identities of buyers must be restrained, which is absolutely unfair and unjust to Chinese people. Therefore we need to change the double-track system into unitary-track system, that means every citizen or farmer, whatever, so long as a Chinese would have the right to buy the land wherever is located in the rural area or in the urban area. Everyone in China has the right to buy or to sell the land you have occupied lawfully. Cancellation of the special track to farmer’s land, making all lands belong to the state, controlled and supervised by state special departments, is not just imperative, but also feasible.


Dual-track system; Ownership of land; Nationalization, Rural area

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