Participation of Different Forces and Coeducation in Peking University: From Reports of Newspaper Media, 1918-1920

Dexin XIE, Changfa XIE, Tingting TANG


It was an important achievement that Peking University abolished female forbiddance and implemented coeducation in Women’s Liberation Movement during the May 4th New Culture Movement. In this period, newspaper media kept up with the historical trend. As the leader of public opinion, Newspaper media intervened, reported and publicized the abolishment of female forbiddance and the implementation of coeducation in Peking University. It promoted the involvement of different social forces: the Principal of Peking University — Cai Yuanpei, female intellectuals, teachers and students of Peking university. These various forces played different roles in this trend. In their interaction, the abolishment of female forbiddance and the implementation of coeducation in Peking University began with appeals and debates and eventually ended with the realization. Furthermore, it aroused a nationwide impact in the education field. It not only reflects that coeducation in universities is a historical trend of democratization and modernization in higher education, but also indicates that newspaper media plays an indispensable role in Women’s Liberation Movement.


Newspaper media; Abolishment of female forbiddance; Coeducation in university; Peking university

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