New Method for Well Kick Tolerance Calculation

ZHOU Yanjun, JIA Jianghong, WANG Guanglei, WANG Jingyin


Well kick is an important basic parameter in the well drilling operation, and it directly determines the Casing layers as well as casing depth. At the same time it also directly determines whether the well drilling will be performed continuously or whether the well-killing operation should be carried out in the well drilling process. Based on the current questions about the well kick tolerance values, the influence caused by several factors such as invasion amount of formation fluid, the distribution of formation fluid in the wellbore and the shut-in casing pressure should be taken into consideration. According to the annular multiphase flow theory, the well kick tolerance calculation model is brought out, besides the relationship between well kick tolerance and formation fluid permeability as well as formation pressure forecasting error is simulated and analyzed. Based on the above analysis it can be seen from the result that when the permeability increases, the well kick tolerance goes up by following the exponential function module. And when the formation pressure forecasting error increases, well kick tolerance goes up significantly. Therefore the simulation result could used to effectively direct the well structure design for complex deep wells.
Key words: Well kick tolerance; Casing depth; Permeability; Formation pressure; Well structure


Well kick tolerance; Casing depth; Permeability; Formation pressure; Well structure

Full Text:



[1] Li, K. X. (1990). A Maual Drilling (pp. 294-298). Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press.

[2] Zhuo, L. B., Ge, Y. H., & Wang, H. G. (2009). Early Kick Detection Methods for Deep Water Drilling and Its Future Development. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 31(1), 22-26.

[3] Nicken, H. V. (1985). A Dynamic Computer Model of a Kicking Well: Part II-Model Predictions and Conclusions. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 22-26 September 1985, Las Vegas, Nevada.

[4] Bilicki, Z. (1987). Traosition Criteria for Two-Phase Flow Patterns in Vertical Upward Flow. Int. J. of Multiphase FIow, 3(3), 283-294

[5] Kytomaa, H. K., & Brennen, C. E. (1991). Small Amplitude Kinematic Wave Propagation in Two-Component Media. Int. J. of Multiphase Flow, 17(1),13-26.

[6] Lammers, J. H., & Biesheuvel, A. (1996). Concentration Waves and the Instability of Bubbly Flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 328, 67-93.

[7] Wang, Z. Y., & Sun, B. J. (2009). Multiphase Flow Behavior in Annulus with Solid Gas Hydrate Considering Nature Gas Hydrate Phase Transition. Petroleum Science, 6(1), 57-63.

[8] Cheng, H., Hills, J. H., & Azzopardi, B. J. (1998). A Study of the Bubble-to-Slug Transition in Vertical Gas-Liquid Flow in Columns of Different Diameter. Int. J. of Multiphase Flow, 24(3), 431-452.

[9] Ohnuki, A., & Akimoto, H. (2000). Experimental Study on Transition of Flow Pattern and Phase Distribution in Upward Air–Water Two-Phase Flow Along a Large Vertical Pipe. Int. J. of Multiphase Flow, 26(3), 367-386.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138