Policy Changes and Reason Analysis of Bureaucratization of Native Officers in Guizhou in Qing Dynasty

Mengmei JIANG, Chengbin LUAN

Abstract


Throughout the whole Qing Dynasty, there had been great twists and changes of the bureaucratization of native officers in Guizhou area—with the changes in military and political situations, it had gone through several different policy periods of appeasement in Shunzhi period, the active flow-changing of Wu Sangui, resumption of conciliatory policy in Kangxi period, the comprehensive and all-dimensional native officers bureaucratization in Yongzheng period and the policy rehabilitation of Koreans, Miao nationalities and frontier in Qing Dynasty. As the important strategic pivot, the policy changes of bureaucratization of native officers in Guizhou stands for an epitome for the minority policy at boarders under the domination of central regime for the great unity, the changing reasons of which are not only closely related with the objective military and political situations, but also related with the ruling styles of the emperors themselves. The national strategies of the mainland-frontier integration of Qing Dynasty were constant; the phased policy changes of bureaucratization of native officers were only different in manners and measures. It is just in this phased changes and gradually forwarding process that the bureaucratization of Guizhou realized the general goal of matching politics, economics and culture with the mainland.


Keywords


Bureaucratization of native officers; Policy change; Reason analysis; Objective requirement; economics and culture

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/5990

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