The Oil and Natural Gas Exploitation in Petrol Field of Urucu and Their Impacts on the Traditional Peoples of Amazon

Iraildes Caldas Torres, Celso Augusto Tôrres do Nascimento, Diogo Gonzaga Torres Neto


This study deals with an approach to the design of Petrobras oil and gas in Amazonas, Brazil, establishing an analytical cut on environmental issues and social issue that affects traditional peoples impacted by Coari / Manaus, located in the heart of the Amazon Brazilian. In 1986 was discovered the first commercial oil field and natural gas in urucú River, a tributary of the Solimoes basin in the Amazon, considered a watershed event in the history of Petrobras and the local development process. Since then, Petrobras built two underground to conduct gas to regional capitals pipelines. This research shows that large impacts hit the Amazon forest to logging of native trees without replacement and management with assault on rivers, lakes, streams and flooded areas. The pipeline that connected the town of urucú where Petrobras is installed to the city of Coari, county seat of oil and gas in the Amazon, dried three streams supplying water to fish and riparian communities. Added to this, the impact of social order that reached the lives of people with traditional land dispossession of local people, sexual exploitation among other social problems. It should be recognized, finally, that the development model implemented in the Brazilian Amazon has no way to thread the ethnic issue. Economic growth under the auspices of big business does not have to induce and basic environmental conservation and human development of traditional indigenous and non-indigenous peoples, from an ethic of social and environmentally sound development.


Gas pipeline; Oil and gas; Traditional populations

Full Text:



Batista, D. (1976). The complex of the Amazon: Analysis of the development process. Foreword by Arthur Cezar Ferreira Reis. Rio de Janeiro: Conquest.

Castro, E. (2010). State political and social actors in contemporary Amazonia. In W. Bolle et al. (org), Amazon region and universal theater in the world. Sao Paulo: Globe.

Freitas, M. (2003). Correa da Silva. Pronouncement II coordination forum of the Workers Party in the Amazon. Manaus: Mimeo.

Inter-Action. (2003). Study of living conditions and forms of resource use in riverine communities Coari-Carauari/Amazonas. Manaus: UFAM ( Research Report ) . .

Pressler, N. (2010) Eco-business and international cooperation: A new discourses to Amazon. In W. Bolle et al. (org), Amazon region and universal theater in the world. Sao Paulo: Globe.

José de Moura, R. (2008). Social determinants of housing in the context of Urucú / TNL project. Completion of course work submitted to the Social Service Department of the Federal University of Amazona.

Boaventura de Sousa, S. (2000). The critique of lazy reason: Against the waste of experience. Sao Paulo: Cortez.

Silva, M. C. Da. (2000). Metamorphoses Amazon. Manaus: Edua.

Silva, M. C. Da. (2003) Statement at the second forum of coordination of the Workers Party in the Amazon. Manaus, mimeo.

Torres, I. C. (2005). The New Amazonian people. Manaus: Editora Universidade Federal do Amazonas.

Torres, I. C., et al. (2003). Is the social / popular movements of the State of Amazonas to the PPA 2004 - 2007 Lula’s government. Manaus: Mimeo.

Torres, I. C. (2007). Humaita: Echoes of a people. Manaus: INPA Publisher.

Inquired Documents Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics–IBGE (2010). Demographic Census Rio de Janeiro: IBGE.

Informative Petrobras (1999). Manaus: Petrobrás Publisher.

Informative SEBRAE -AM (1999). Supply Chain Oil & Gas in the Amazon. Year 1 . No. 02. Manaus 2004

Institute of Applied Economic Research - IPEA (1999). São Paulo: IPEA Publisher.

UNDP (2001). Municipal human development index 1991 and 2000. the State of Municipalities Amazonas. Atlas of Amazonia. United Nation Publisher.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Studies in Sociology of Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Website: Http://; Http://

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures