Lube Oil Recycling: Environmental and Economic Implications
This study presents a practical investigation on the reuse of spent lubricating oil as its indiscriminate disposal by the various users daily constitutes a serious pollution problem in the environment. In carrying out this work, samples of various used lubricating oil collected at different locations were analyzed for their physical and chemical composition, to ascertain their suitability for use as fuel in the cement factory. The examined parameters gave average values of 9.4686 kcal/kg, 96 oC, 18.48, 24 oC and 7834.5 kg/m3 for caloric value, flash point, viscosity, pour point and ash content respectively. The results were compared with those of low fuel oil, used in the cement factories. Consequently, a trial burn was conducted which gave mean values of 133.7 mg/m3, 1.7 ppm, 112.3 mg/m3, ﹤25.0 mg/m3, 20.0 mg/m3, ﹤0.1 mg/m3, ﹤6.8 mg/m3 and 371.2 ppm for SPM, CO, THC, SO3, NO3, H2S, NH3 and CO3 respectively. The results obtained clearly showed that the used lubricating oil has chemical composition, calorific value and other physical properties that are comparable to those of low pour fuel oil. The results obtained from the trial burn conducted in the various cement factories, reveal that, the use of used lubricating oil as fuel in cement factories is environmental friendly and economically viable technique of disposing used lubricating oil.
Ahmed, N. S. (2006). Preparation and evaluation of some oil additives based on polyethylene glycol. International J. Polymeric Materials, 55(10), 761-771.
Bamiro, O. A., & Osibanjo, O. (2004). Pilot study (sponsored by Basel Convention) of used oils in Nigeria, Latin America.
Chow, J. C., & Watson, J. G. (2006). Health effect of fine particulate air pollution: Lines That Connect. J. Air and Waste Management Association, 56, 1368-1380.
FEPA (1991). National guildelines and standards for industrial effluents gaseous emissions and hazardous waste management in Nigeria, pp.59-66).
Froelund, K., Owens, E., Frame, E., & Buckingham, J. (2001). Impact of lube oil on advanced light-duty CIDI engine emissions (Final Report). Southwest Research Institute, Virginia.
Jacob, A. (2000). Continuous risk assessment for the process industrial in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of MSChe (pp.29-37).
Kumar, S., Mishra, N. M., & Mukherjee, P. S. (2005). Additives depletion and engine oil condition—A case study. J. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 57(2), 69-72.
Lrong, S. T., & Laortanakul, P. (2004). An environmental approach for used oil management in Asian cities: A bangkok’s experience. J. Environmental Sciences, 15(6), 734-743.
Nigmatullin, V. R., Nigmatullin, I. R., & Sharipov, A. K. (2007). Two-Stage Lube Stock Refining From Sulfides. J. Petroleum Chemistry, 47(2), 143-146.
Ogonna, J., & Ovuru, S. E. (2000). Pollution control with a focus on recycling of used lube oil—Nigeria as a case study. MSChe Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference, (pp. 150-160).
Researchwikies, (2011). Lubricants marketing research. Retrieved from http://researchwikis.com/Lubricants_Marketing_Research
Shailendra, T., & Anwar, M. (1999). Lube extraction technology. Current Science, 77(7), 6.
Villanueva, A., Ho, S., & Zanzotto, L. (2008). Asphalt modification with used lubricating oil. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 35(2), 148-157.
WHO. (1989). Air quality guildelines for Europe. Reginal Office for European Series, (23), 338.
Yilmaz, E. (2003). Sources and Characteristics of Oil Consumption in a Spark Ignition Engine (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 758, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138